Today is the World Population Day. On this day, it should be recognized the enormous growth of young people in the underdeveloped and developing world. There are millions of young people who are in the age bracket of reproduction, but are recipient of insufficient guidance or assistance on reproduction, sexuality and health. As a consequence to this, the developing world will experience acceleration in the population growth in the already overpopulated nations.
The world address this day as a scope of taking resolution to arrest the accelerated population growth, especially in the developing countries, which makes the large majority of the people to be suffering in poverty, hunger and poor quality of life. The current world population of 7.6 billion is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100, according to a new United Nations report. The measures that should be taken in the resolution are education and women empowerment for all. The population size and the population health are related to the behavior of the women. The behavior of both men and women in relation to keeping the size of the family small and knowing the means to achieve that is dependent on the education. They must have the knowledge and understanding that a small family is better in terms of their children’s health, education, good standard of living et al, and that knowledge of the same can be gathered if one is educated.
In some countries, where paternalistic society exists, the men can pressurize women to have more children, as a way of keeping the tradition and customs. Educated and economically independent women can counter that with the insistence of fewer children. Therefore, the governments and the NGOs must be targeting the women for their empowerment and education. Merely funding women can lead to the money being utilized in health and nutrition of the family. The education imparted to the women can lead to their employment and better utilization of money. Therefore, education of women is critical for the developing of the women’s empowerment.
However, the reality looks rather bleak. For example, in Africa, the literacy level is only 56 percent and only 5 percent are recipient of secondary or high school education. Therefore, chances of arresting population growth is minimal in Africa and other developing nations such as, South Asian countries like India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. In many European countries, the population growth rates are in negatives because of women empowerment and education.
Pledge should be taken on this World Population Day that education and women empowerment should be protected in all countries, developing countries in particular. The UNO can play an effective role with funding, implementation and monitoring of the programs that can improve the education and women empowerment in the developing countries.