According to a new study, India accounts for 7 per cent of global emissions and is the fourth highest emitter of carbon dioxide in the world.
The Global Carbon Project said the top four emitters in 2017, which covered 58 per cent of global emissions, were China (27 per cent), the US (15 per cent), the European Union (10 per cent) and India (7 per cent).
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The rest of the world contributed 41 per cent last year, the report said.
The top 10 emitters were China, the US, the EU, India, Russia, Japan, Germany, Iran, Saudi Arabia and South Korea.
India’s emissions is all set to continue their strong growth by an average of 6.3 per cent in 2018, with growth across all fuels, coal leading with (7.1 per cent) followed by gas (6 per cent) and oil (2.9 per cent) the study said Wednesday. The study also said the Indian emissions were projected to grow 2 per cent in 2017, compared to 6 per cent per year averaged over the previous decade.
The study said “Coal is still the mainstay of the Indian economy, and as in China, it will be a challenge for solar and wind to displace coal, given the strong growth in energy use.” It also said that although global coal use is still 3 per cent lower than its historical high, it is expected to grow in 2018, driven by growth in energy consumption in China and India.
China, India and the European Union are setting the pace. These regions represent 40 per cent of global carbon emissions. The study said that while China and India still rely heavily on coal, the US and the EU are slowly decarbonising.
By 2020, India can announce its own fossil-fuel exit strategy and a target date for its peak CO2 emissions, the study said.