A new research has been carried out on modern slavery across the world jointly by International Organization for Migration (IOM), Walk Free Foundation, and International Labor Organization (ILO). The research shows that 40 million people across the world are subjected to modern day slavery in 2016. This paper along with its data has been presented in the United Nations General Assembly. An estimate of child labor has been released by ILO, showing that around 152 million children in the age group of 5-17 years are victims of child labor.
Modern slavery involves an estimated 40 million being trapped into it. The girls and the women are affected disproportionately by modern slavery that accounted for 29 million, or 71 per cent of the overall total. One fourth of people subjected to modern slavery are children accounting for 10 million of them. There are 5.7 million or 37 percent of the total numbers of victims that are forced to marry are children.
As of 2016, there have been 25 million forced labors around the world. Out of them, the majority (16 million) are forced labor exploitation in the private sector such as agriculture, construction, and domestic workers. Next come the people subjected to sexual exploitation constituting 5 million people. Finally, little over four million people are forced labor under the imposition of the state authorities.
Currently, 15.4 million people have been living with forced marriage. Out of them, 6.5 million cases have had the occurrence in last 5 years (2012-2016), and the remaining ones have taken place before and have been living with the forced marriage. Over one third of the victims were children in the time of the marriage, and virtually all victims have been girls.
The total number of child labor estimated is 152 million, constituting 88 million boys and 64 million girls, accounting for 10 percent of the children across the world. Among the children aged between 5 to 17, Africa constitute the highest number of child labor (72.1 million), followed by Asia Pacific (62 million), the Americas (10.7 million), Europe and Central Asia (5.5 million) and the Arab States (1.2 million). One third of the children who are subjected to child labor and in the age group of 5-14 are deprived from the education system. Around 38 percent works in hazardous conditions and one third of the children in the age group of 15-17 work over 43 hours a week.