The Committee received total 331 nominations, 216 from individuals and 115 from organizations. While in 2016, the Committee received the record highest of 376 candidates. The last Nobel Prize for Peace went to Geneva based International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).
Today, the winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace 2018 was announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo. Earlier on 1, 2 and 3 October respectively, the Nobel Committee announced the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Physics and Chemistry. James P Allison and Tasuku Honjo jointly bagged Nobel Prize 2018 in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.
On Tuesday, October 3, Arthur Ashkin, along with Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland, awarded Nobel Prize for Physics for their groundbreaking discoveries in ‘laser physics. However, Donna Strickland became the third female Nobel laureate in physics. While the prize in Chemistry was divided, one half awarded to Frances H. Arnold “for the directed evolution of enzymes”, the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies.”
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Today evening at 5 PM, Berit Reiss-Andersen, Chair of the Nobel Committee, announced the winner of Nobel Peace Prize 2018 at a press conference in the Norwegian capital Oslo. The pair of two Nobel Laureates named as Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad received the award for their “effort to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. The announcer Berit Reiss-Andersen said, “Both laureates have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on and combating such war crimes”. He further said, “each of them, in their own way, has helped to give greater visibility to wartime sexual violence so that the perpetrators can be held accountable for their actions”.
Mukwege is a gynecologist who is treating victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). He has spent decades to serve the victims of sexual violence in the DRC where a long-running civil war has claimed around six million lives.
Nadia Murad is one of the prominent Yazidi human right activists. She was targeted by the Islamic State of Iraq and became the victims of rape and other abuses. Yazidi is a religious minority community of about 400,000 people who live in the northern part of Iraq. Their beliefs are the combine elements of several ancient Middle Eastern religions.
She was captured by Islamic States of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) fighters and sold as a sex slave in 2014. During her three-month custody, Murad was raped and threatened with death if she did not convert to Islam.
The Nobel Prize in literature will not be awarded this year due to a scandal involving the awarding Swedish academy.