The anti-Muslim attacks are increasing globally and the experts cited the discriminatory rhetoric of politicians and media as the main reason behind these attacks. Enes Bayrakh, director of European Studies at the Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Research (SETA) said, “The rhetoric that politicians use against Muslims has been getting more radicalized all across Europe. We even see the legalization of some restrictions targeting Muslims in some countries”.
Statistics of the Anti-Muslim Incidents in Europe
In 2017, there were 309 cases of anti-Muslim incidents in Austria. In 2018, there was a 74% rise in the cases where the number stood to 540. In France, the number of anti-Muslim incidents in 2017 was 446 which grew to 676 in 2018. The experts estimated that among these 676 incidents, 20 involved physical attacks(3%), 568 discrimination(84%), and 88 of the incidents involved hate speech(13%). In Germany, there were 678 attacks on German Muslims, among which there were 40 attacks on the mosques.
Women- The Main Victims in The Anti-Muslim Discrimination in Europe
While analyzing the anti-Muslim discrimination in Europe, experts found that women are the main victims. Muslim women are more likely to become the victims of hate and speech than Muslim men. The negative attention to Muslim women in media and public discourse contributes to creating a fertile ground for discriminatory practices and violence. Bayrakh said, “The Muslim women were not just examples of verbal abuses or discrimination, there were also violent acts”.
TPT Policy Advocacy & Recommendations
- In the spread of anti-Muslim sentiment, hate speech has become the most frequent tool. Social media plays a big role in spreading fake news and hate speeches against Muslims and Islam. Sometimes, the rumors of social media contribute to the violence against Muslims globally. In many countries, politicians deploy social media to spread hate-filled agendas. Strict laws must be imposed globally to control the spread of hate speech in social media.
- The Islamic foundations and institutions must be protected globally. The anti-Muslim attacks must be well analyzed and the culprits must be punished. Moreover, the rhetoric in media and politics that normalize anti-Muslim racism must be fixed.