The Policy Times Dhaka Bureau :
Bangladesh and Bangladesh Awami League are one and the same and an integral part of the Bengali nation. The history of the Awami League means the history of struggle and glory of the Bengali nation.
This political party is the bearer and carrier of the long politics of this country and the glorious tradition of movement and struggle of the Bengali nation.
The independence of this country was achieved under the leadership of this ancient and traditional party. Born in the Rose Garden, the party is now in state power after going through many struggles, ups and downs. The glorious 72nd founding anniversary of this political party, one of the oldest politically born subcontinent, will be celebrated on June 23 tomorrow. It is known from the history of the Bangladesh Awami League that on 23-24 June 1949, at the initiative of non-communal, progressive and young Muslim League leaders of this country, a political activists’ conference was held in Bashir Saheb’s Rose Garden residence in KM Das Lane, Old Dhaka Opposition East Pakistan Awami Muslim League was established.
The progressive leaders and workers of the Muslim League left the organization and formed the Awami Muslim League.
Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani and General Secretary Shamsul Haque were elected president of the first conference. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the joint-secretary of the first committee.
Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman came to lead the Awami League through the 1966 conference. He later became the sole leader of the Bengalis, the architect of independent Bangladesh and the father of the nation. The awakening and victory of the Bengalis against the Pakistani colonial rulers and exploiters through the historic mass movement of ’69 was led by the Awami League and along with this movement, the Bengali nation was armed for the establishment of an independent Bangladesh Jumped into the war of liberation.
After the assassination of Bangabandhu and his family on 15 August 1975 and the assassination of four national leaders in jail on 3 November 1975, the Awami League lost its leadership. After that, there was a rift in the group. In 1981year, Bangabandhu’s daughter, the present Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina returned to the country and took the helm of the Awami League. Under his leadership, the divided Awami League has united again. The Awami League has been running under his leadership for four decades. During this period, the party has been able to hold state power four times besides the struggle.
Again, the Awami League has been out of state power for almost 50 years out of 72 years. After the independence of Bangladesh, the Awami League government has been running for three and a half years under the Bangabandhu government and for five years under the leadership of Sheikh Hasina in 1996, from 2009 to the present.
After the defeat in the 2001 parliament elections, the party was able to consolidate a lot and showed success in the anti-coalition government movement. But in the last phase of the movement, the party faced a new crisis when the caretaker government declared a state of emergency across the country in the changed political situation on January 11, 2007. Numerous first-line leaders, including party president Sheikh Hasina, were arrested and some of the party’s activities fell into crisis due to the reform activities.
However, after overcoming all the adverse conditions, the Awami League and the Grand Alliance under the leadership of Sheikh Hasina achieved a historic victory in the December 29, 2008 elections. The Awami League-led grand alliance government was formed on January 6, 2009. Sheikh Hasina became the Prime Minister for the second time.
Later, on 5 January 2014, Sheikh Hasina won the elections and formed the Awami League government after overcoming hundreds of adversities of the BNP-Jamaat alliance and Sheikh Hasina became the Prime Minister for the third time. The last time the Awami League government was formed was on December 30, 2018, after winning the 11th parliamentary elections and Sheikh Hasina became the Prime Minister for the fourth time.
According to the election pledge, the party is working with the conviction of establishing Bangladesh as a middle-income country by 2021 with a happy, prosperous ‘Digital Bangladesh’ based on hunger, poverty-free modern science and information technology.