From the time the Nobel Prize has been initiated in 1910, there have been no more than 5 Nobel Prize winners from India. The Nobel Prize is considered to be the most prestigious award in the world encompassing of the various fields of learning. The list of Indian Nobel Laureates is summarized below.
Rabindranath Tagore – The Nobel Prize in Literature 1913
Rabindranath Tagore could be called the greatest Indian poet. He was also a renowned musician and painter. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature for “his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse”.
CV Raman – The Nobel Prize in Physics 1930
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman did his research at Jadavpur University, Kolkata to win the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”.
Mother Teresa – The Nobel Peace Prize 1979
Mother Teresa was born in the Republic of Macedonia and at the age of 19, she moved to India. She served the “poorest of the poor” and has been a Roman Catholic Nun throughout her life. She is the founder of the Missionaries of Charity.
Amartya Sen – The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1998
Another Calcuttan, who went on to teach economics in various reputed universities in UK and USA. His research papers are based on economics, social justice, welfare economics and theories of famines which earned him the Nobel Memorial Prize in 1998.
Kailash Satyarthi – The Nobel Peace Prize 2014
Kailash Satyarthi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 for his “struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”.
Apart from these eminent personalities, there are 3 more Nobel Laureates who are Indian born and four more that have Indian links. Thus, it is fact that there are more Nobel Prizes won by Indians working abroad than working in India. Lack of infrastructure and research facilities, less recognition, less capital – all point towards the reason of brain drain in India. Further, Indian education does not encourage innovative works, even the best of Indian institutes portent plagiarized work with which a research associate can earn his living but can never produce original and inventive works. The stipend of the researchers should also increase to not only prevent brain drain, but also to encourage foreign scholars coming to India and carrying out research.