The declassification of the 2018 National Security Council document by the outgoing administration of President Donald Trump stated the clearest policy statement by the US government about its perception of the alliances forged in Asia and the Pacific. There are two points that are deciphered by the document, one that states the US primacy to defend the homeland and the other to ensure US firms continue to dominate the world economy. The US sees China as the main impediment which is why its policy on Asia is focused on its attempt to weaken China.
US banking on the Indian military
The paramount section of the 2018 NSA document on the Indo-Pacific is on India. The objective laid out is to “accelerate India’s rise and capacity to serve as a net provider of security and major defense partner”. The U.S. plans to “encourage India’s engagement beyond the Indian Ocean Region”.This means the US will provide the country with hardware and artificial intelligence. India will be the subordinate ally to the US. The interoperability” is to align India to U.S. strategic objectives. In the document, the U.S. says that it will “help address continental challenges such as the border dispute with China and access to water, including the Brahmaputra and other rivers facing diversion by China”
In September 2020, President Xi Jinping pledged to make China carbon neutral by 2060. In order to achieve this, Xi said that the world must “achieve a green recovery of the world economy in the post-COVID era”. During the former Presidents term, the US was placed in the climate denial camp. However, President Biden has declared that the US will regain the Paris Climate.
TPT Policy Advocacy & Recommendations
- The adversarial in which America and China are interacting is so deeply ingrained that both the countries covet a trade war. The two sides do not share any values on governance, social justice, or human rights. However, they should forge a plan to develop their substantive trade differences. Primarily they should extend the January 2020 Phase 1 agreement will determine if the bilateral trade benefits both the nation or should go extinct.
- Both nations should stop financial decoupling to uplift their security and collaborate auditing procedures and standards. India should seize this opportunity to speed up the relocation of production and trade away from China. Governance reforms, greater indigenous procurement, real indigenization, and higher R&D investment are needed to generate higher domestic value, employment, and growth so that the nation can leverage this adversarial between the two superpowers.