According to the World Health Organization Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and is responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer. Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Cancer had seen the maximum number of deaths in the US, but it has now seen a drastic change in the figures of death due to cancer. The rate of the death of men and women has dropped by 27% from its peak since 1991. 2.6 million Demises had been adverted by the period of 1991-2016.
The most common cause of the deaths of cancer in the US was late detection, smoking but then slowly with advancements and awareness there had been a massive reduction in smoking and there has been successfully testing and early detection as well. The major types of cancer which were seen were breast, prostate, colorectal and lungs. 42 % of the men mostly were affected by prostate, colorectal and lung cancer constituted, and breast cancer constituted over 30 % of all the cases.
The rates of lung cancer had declined from 1990-2016 by 48% and 23% from 2002 to 2016 among women. There was also a noticeable change among the number of cases in men and women affected by lung cancer by 3% and 1.5% in women. Similarly, now in the case of breast cancer 40% reduction in the death rates has been seen from 1989 – 2016.
Prostate cancer death rates declined 51% from 1993 to 2016 among men and 53 % decline in deaths due to colorectal cancer among men and women. Routine screening with the PSA blood test is no longer recommended because of concerns about high rates of over-diagnosis (finding cancers that would never need to be treated). Therefore, fewer cases of prostate cancer are now being detected.
The cancer death rate in 2016 was 14% higher in blacks than in whites, the highest among the African American and lowest among the Asian Americans. However, the numbers have seen a downfall after the reduction of smoking of the teens.
Lots of children in America die due to Cancer. Cancer is the second most coming disease which kills kids of 1-14 years of age, Leukemia is the next common among them and then tumors in the brain and other neuro nervous systems. The cancer risk, however, is maximum with age and mostly 85 years and older. “This age group represents the fastest-growing population group in the US. The group’s numbers are expected to nearly triple from 6.4 million in 2016 to 19 million by 2060”- as per the American Cancer Society researches.
Some Important fact by research by the American Cancer Society states that-
- People ages 85 and older represent 8% of all new cancer diagnoses, translating to about 140,690 cases in 2019
- Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the oldest old, following heart disease
- 103,250 cancer deaths among this age group are expected in 2019, accounting for 17% of all cancer deaths
- An estimated 1,762,450 cancers will be in diagnosed in 2019, which equals more than 4,800 new cases each day
- The lifetime probability of being diagnosed with cancer is 39.3% for men and 37.7% for women, which is a little more than 1 in 3
Borrowing- American Cancer Society
Asst Director- Business Development