Since its inception in 1966, the world has been embarking on September 8, as International Literacy Day. Flagged off by UNESCO, LiteracyDay is aimed to create rising awareness about the importance of education, dignity, human rights, and sustainable society.
The theme for International Literacy Day 2021 is an extension of the 2020 theme, which focused on teaching and learning amid the Covid-19 pandemic with an emphasis on the role of teachers. According to UNESCO data, imparting education through a digital medium has affected 773 million children and adults across the globe.
However, for India, the literacy rate has substantially risen, provided a rise in female participants. The total percentage of educated people in India accords to 77.7 percent, a survey conducted in 2017-18 revealed. Over the years India has been proactive in accelerating the pace of education in the country, reaching nearly 77 percent against 69 percent in 2011 and 62 percent in 2006.
In the 75th round, the National Survey of India published a report on ‘Household Social Consumption: Education in India.’ The report ranks various states on the basis of their literate population. In the report, Kerala once again topped the list with the highest literary rate of 96 percent while Andhra Pradesh was at the lowest with 69 percent.
The report declassified Kerala as a premier state, procuring the country’s highest literacy rate at 96.2 percent, having 96.11 percent educated males and 92.07 percent educated females. Whereas other states included, Delhi with 88.7 percent literacy rate; Uttarakhand 86.6 percent; Himachal Pradesh 86.6 percent; Assam 85.9 percent; Maharashtra 84.8; Punjab 83.7 percent; Gujarat 82.2 percent; West Bengal 81.1 percent and Haryana with 80.3 percent literacy rate.
Moreover, according to the National Statistical Office (NSO), the literacy rate in urban areas in India is still now higher than in rural areas with a literacy rate of 87.7 percent and 73.5 percent, respectively. Standing in 2021, it is crucial for the country’s administration to settle the basic needs of people that also include education. Education is one such detachable ingredient that fosters a strong economy.