The National Cyber Security Policy 2013 (NCSP 2013) was a futuristic policy that India adopted seven years ago to stand at par with the global powers in technology. However, there have been some massive changes in the digital sector in the last few years, calling for a change in these set regulations. There were some important changes made in 2019 that defined the critical sectors with sensitive data, appointed Chief Information Security Officers, and formulated a crisis management plan. The National Cyber Security Strategy 2020 (NCSS 2020) is in discussions right now, aiming to create a plan for digital security in 2020-25.
National Cyber Security Strategy 2020
The draft of the National Cyber Security Strategy 2020 aims at creating advanced secure cyberspace in the country, which facilitates a reduction in the data breach and misuse. The draft is awaiting cabinet ministry approval and is likely to be finalized this year. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed this concern and said, “The threats from cyberspace can endanger all these aspects of Indian life. The government is alert to this threat and is taking all the necessary action.”
Why does India need strong cybersecurity soon?
As the internet is playing a considerable role in the countries’ politics, with India banning Chinese apps amidst border unrest, it is the need of the hour to centrally secure the internet. With the increasing demand for keeping the Indian data within borders, the government has worked on the National Cyber Security Strategy 2020. The draft says, “Cyber intrusions and attacks have increased in scope and sophistication targeting sensitive personal and business data, and critical information infrastructure, with impact on national economy and security. The present cyber threat landscape poses significant challenges due to rapid technological developments such as Cloud Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, 5G, etc.” It goes on to mention, “New challenges include data protection/privacy, law enforcement in evolving cyberspace, access to data stored overseas, misuse of social media platforms, international cooperation on cybercrime & cyber terrorism, and so on.” The communication around digital security has increased after complete reliance on the internet during the coronavirus pandemic.
Additions that can be made in the Cyber Security Policy
Here are some significant improvements that can be made in the cybersecurity policy:
- There must be an action plan to deal with state-sponsored attacks. In such attacks, government infrastructure, the private sector, and citizens’ personal details are hacked at once.
- An SOS lockdown policy must be in place to completely take the nuclear grids, power grids, financial institutions, and satellite communication off the internet immediately, in case of any national security attack.
- They must be provisions for or nationwide cybersecurity training of the common mass if the country aims to take its finance and healthcare online.
- The security standards should not only be defined for government organizations but also be enforced on private companies with a checklist of requirements.
The Policy Times Recommendations
- Now that the government realizes the internet’s strength, we should expect better financial and healthcare facilities.
- Communication has grown stronger in recent times, and this power of globalization is connecting people across borders, but the internet needs boundaries too.
- 5G is inevitable, and the prospects of ensuring security in 5G and IoT devices should have been more precise in the draft.
- With revisions to the cybersecurity policies, the government can also increase employment in the IT sector.