Education in India comes under concurrent list. Which means education is under the domain of State and Union both. Initially, education was a subject under State List, but after the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976, it was transferred to Concurrent list.
According to the 2011 census, Kerala possesses the highest literacy rate of 93.91% among all Indian States. Delhi and Bihar had a literacy rate of 86.34% and 63.82% respectively.
The male literacy rate in Kerala, Delhi, and Bihar was pegged at 96.02%, 91.03%, and 73.39% respectively. The female literacy rate was 91.98%, 80.93%, and 53.33% respectively.
The difference between individual male and the female literacy rate of Kerala, Delhi, and Bihar was 4.04%, 10.1%, and 20.06%.
The budget allocated for education for the years 2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18 for Delhi was Rs. 2482 crore, Rs. 4570 crore, Rs 10690 crore and Rs 11300 crore respectively.
Similarly, for Bihar: Rs. 24715 crore, Rs. 10950 crore, Rs. 21879 crore and Rs. 25251.39 crore.
For Kerala: N/A, Rs.14712.62 crore, Rs. 17474 crore and Rs. 20206 crores.
The above data clearly shows that on an average Bihar spends the highest on Education but still lags by a margin when compared to Kerala’s literacy rate. The difference between the literacy rate of Bihar and Kerala is more than 30%.
POLICY INTELLIGENCE GROUP (PIG) is a Research Wing of The Policy Times, India’s First Digital TV on Public Policy and International affair issues. PIG has undertaken it’s first comprehensive research project on improvement in Indian education over the last four years under the NDA Government. The research aims to analyze and assess policy interventions and achievements of the current governments in power both at Centre and in States. The research will also highlight major policy failures and outline necessary policy recommendations.
The Study is being undertaken by a group of Researchers including Farogh Altamash, Mohammad Javed and Anas Ansari under the guidance of Akram Hoque, Founding Editor, The Policy Times.