India happens to be the 5th largest producer of e-waste in the world. Not even 30% of the population is aware of the need for and the right methods of E-Waste management…! E-waste representing the end of life of TVs, Computers, Radios, laptops. And many more are yet to be added.
“Electronic waste” may be defined as all secondary computers, entertainment device electronics, mobile phones, and other items such as television sets and refrigerators, whether sold, donated, or discarded by their original owners or users. This definition includes used electronics that are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal.
Most electronic devices contain a variety of materials, including metals that can be recovered for future uses. By dismantling and providing reuse possibilities, Natural resources are conserved and air, water pollution caused by hazardous disposal is also avoided. It also reduces the amount of greenhouse gas emissions caused by the manufacturing of new products. And also, materials have the capability to recycle and re-use again.
These are the devices that are meant for specific purposes and dissolve into the environment after their purpose is being served. Self-destructing electronic devices is a key to reduce electronic waste and boosting the sustainability in the use of electronic devices in our daily lives.
E-waste recycling is a global environmental issue in recent phenomena. In India, electronic product waste dangerously increasing the volume of obsolete computers, printers, fax machines, TVs, mobiles, and other electronic devices. Of the nearly 8 million PCs in India, 2 million are only for software up-gradation is accounted as e-waste.
Most of the countries including India are handling e-waste by burning/dismantling resulting in emissions highly hazardous to us and the environment. Growing dependency on technology leading to the rise of new purchases and rise of wastage of used products. E-waste is not just a problem of waste quantity; the concern is the toxins these emit/contain like mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, beryllium, and many more.