The fourteenth G20 Summit 2019 formally known as the “Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy” was held on 28 to 29 June 2019 in Osaka, Japan. It is the forum of international leaders comprising 19 countries and European Union, collectively represents 80% of global GDP and two-third of the world population. Initially, was started as a grouping to take care of global economy, G20 is now the highest level of representative body for political networking on global and bilateral issues.
The 2019 Osaka Summit not only focused on the macro economy and trade issues but also on global issues such as terrorism, climate change, energy, health, etc. The recent Summit was surrounded by mainly eight themes such as ‘Global Economy’, ‘Trade and Investment’, ‘Innovation’, ‘Environment and Energy’, ‘Employment’, ‘Women’s Empowerment’, ‘Development’ and ‘Health’.
Some important issues that India raised at the G20 Summit 2019 include quality infrastructure, energy security, financial stability, WTO reforms, countering terrorism, climate change, economic fugitives, women empowerments, tourism and agriculture, global health, e-commerce and data localization etc.
PM Modi attended some separate bilateral meetings with leaders of Indonesia, Brazil, Turkey, Australia, Singapore and Chile. He also attended two informal trilateral and BRICS meetings.
Key issues of bilateral meetings with the leaders were trade, counter-terrorism, defence, maritime security and sports. On discussion with Indonesian President Mr Joko Widodo, the main theme came out from this meeting was bilateral cooperation in trade and investments, defence and maritime fronts. During his meeting with president Joko, the two countries set $50 billion bilateral trade by 2025. After ending discussion with President Joko, PM Modi met Brazilian President Mr Jair Bolsonaro and held a wide discussion on bilateral relationship, especially cooperation in trade and investment, agriculture and bio-fuels, climate change, terrorism etc. Then he met Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and discussed on some key issues including trade and investment, defence and counter-terrorism.
According to Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Mr Raveesh Kumar, most of the discussions focused on trade and investment, defence, counter-terrorism, IT and civil aviation.
PMO attended Japan-America-India (JAI), a trilateral meeting held before formal opening of G20 Summit, they discussed on the Indo-Pacific region improving connectivity and infrastructure development. Official account of PMO India tweeted “Committed to a better future. Meeting of JAI (Japan-America-India) Trilateral takes place in Osaka. PM @AbeShinzo welcomes the leaders. @POTUS congratulates Prime Ministers Modi and Abe for their electoral victories. PM Modi highlights the importance India attaches to JAI”.
PM also hosted another informal RIC (Russia-India-China) meeting in Osaka, Japan and discussed global issues like terrorism climate change. During this meeting they also exchanged their views on economic, political and security.
On a tweet, @narendramodi said “Friendly nations, futuristic outcomes. The RIC (Russia-India-China) meeting was an excellent forum to discuss ways to enhance multilateral cooperation between our nations and work to mitigate challenges being faced by our planet, most notably terrorism and climate change.”
Another informal meeting of all BRICS nations was held on the sidelines of G20 summit in Osaka. All the BRICS leaders, PM Modi, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping and South African President Cyril Ramaphosa attended the meeting and discussed some major issues and exchange their ideas. Addressing the meeting PM Modi raised a few major issues that the whole world in general and BRICS nations in specific are facing. Some of them include terrorism, corruption, etc. “Terrorism is the biggest threat to humanity. Not only it takes lives of the innocents, it negatively affects economical development and communal harmony. We have to stop all mediums of support to terrorism and racism.” said by PMO at the meeting. He also reiterated the need for World Trade Organization (WTO) reforms. They discussed on corruption and the online terrorism.
Modi also met Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and South Korea President Moon Jae-in and discussed on AI, energy, cyber- security, railway modernization, skill development, etc.
The Article is written by Asif Karim who is a student of BSc in Medical Microbiology, Dehradun. He aspires to be civil servant and contributes in national building.