Hundreds of million people around the world are starving because of conflict. According to a non-governmental organization Global Citizen hunger in conflict zones is an escalating problem. “Conflict directly threatens the four pillars of food stability – availability, access, utilization, and stability.”
The Food Security Information Network (FSIN) in its ‘Global Report on Food Crises 2018’ identified that “conflict and insecurity continued to be the primary drivers of food insecurity in 18 countries, where almost 74 million food-insecure people remain in need of urgent assistance.”
Countries suffering from the worst food crisis are Somalia, Yemen, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Nigeria. Majority of the countries affected by conflict and food insecurity are in Africa and the Middle East.
According to the World Food Programme(WFP), “the number of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) has increased significantly with the greater number of conflicts. This huge number of people has also put pressure on the food stabilities of countries and communities that host them.”
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Moreover, the World Bank states that “by 2030 more than half of the world’s poorest people will live in very poor countries that are fragile, affected by conflict, or experience high levels of violence.” Furthermore, the United Nations says that conflict claims lives uproots families and accounts for 80 percent of all humanitarian needs.
FSIN has highlighted the “need for a coordinated global response at both the humanitarian and development level to address the issue.” International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Director of Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division Rob Vos said: “humanitarian response can attenuate a food crisis, not prevent it or keep it from getting worse.”
The governments and various global organizations play a very significant role in ensuring food security to the people and preventing the crisis from getting much worse. They should look into the policies and make it more ‘man-friendly’.