What is ‘Rurban’?
According to Census of India data, India’s rural population is 833 million, accounting for over 68 percent of the total population. Furthermore, between 2001 and 2011, the rural population increased by 12%, while the absolute number of villages increased by 2279 units.
Large parts of the country’s rural areas are not stand-alone settlements, but rather part of a cluster of settlements that are relatively close to one another. These clusters often have growth potential, economic drivers, and locational and competitive advantages. Once formed, these clusters are classed as ‘Rurban‘. Taking this into consideration, the Government of India has proposed the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM), which aims to revitalize such rural areas by providing economic, social, and physical infrastructure.
Taking into account the benefits of clusters, both economically and in terms of maximizing the benefits of infrastructure provision, the Mission seeks to build 300 Rurban clusters over the next five years. These clusters would be strengthened with the necessary amenities, for which resources would be generated through the convergence of several government programs, in addition to which a Critical Gap Funding (CGF) would be allocated under this Mission for concentrated development of these clusters.
Objectives & opportunities in private entities
- The purpose of SPMRM is to build a cluster of villages that retain and nurture the spirit of rural community life while focusing on equity and inclusiveness without compromising on facilities thought to be primarily urban in nature, resulting in a cluster of ‘Rurban villages.’ SPMRM’s key goals are to boost local economic development, provide basic services, and build well-planned Rurban clusters.
- Currently, there are 109 tribal clusters and 191 non-tribal clusters in various phases of development across the country’s 28 states and 6 union territories (UTs) under the Mission. States/UTs have created 291 Integrated Cluster Action Plans (ICAPs) and 282 Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for 300 rurban clusters, with a planned investment of Rs. 27,788.44 (Critical Gap Fund + Convergence Fund).
In order to achieve the goal of “sustainable planned development of rural habitat from a spatial perspective,” a spatial planning platform has been developed in partnership with the Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics and the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. Mentor institutions have been brought on board to provide technical help to states/UTs in the Mission’s implementation, as well as to build technology infrastructure in rural areas. As a result, despite its intrinsic complexity and uniqueness, Mission is progressively fulfilling all of its aims.
A ‘Rurban cluster’ is a group of geographically connected villages with a population of approximately 25000 to 50000 in plain and coastal areas and 5000 to 15000 in the desert, hilly, or tribal areas. Clusters of villages would, as far as possible, follow administrative convergence units of Gram Panchayats and would be within a single block/tehsil for administrative ease.
The following are some of the changes that will be made available to the general public:
- Rural population growth has been decadal.
- Land prices are rising.
- Non-Farm Workforce Participation Has Increased Decadally.
- Girls’ secondary school enrollment as a percentage
- Percentage of Pradhan Mantri Households having Bank Accounts Jan Dhan Yojana
- Swachh Bharat Mission Performance (Grameen).
- Gram Panchayat Initiatives for Good Governance
Pros and Cons of private entities
1. It will bridge the gap between rural and urban areas by improving physical and communication connectivity,
2. Because of the abundance of urban amenities and jobs, reverse migration will be encouraged,
3. Rural residents’ purchasing power will rise as a result of increased job prospects,
4. It will aid in the utilization of India’s demographic dividend by providing rural residents with access to skill development centers,
5. The Smart Cities Mission will be boosted since the redesigned smart cities will no longer have to shoulder the burden of rural migration,
1. Success will necessitate collaboration among multiple groups, including the Union Rural Development Ministry, state governments, and the corporate sector,
2. Rurban clusters will be established under the Private Public Partnership (PPP) concept. This, however, will result in an increase in operational costs,
3. Private corporations may be unwilling to work with the government to establish rurban clusters in areas with law-and-order difficulties, such as J&K and the North East
Though ‘rurbanisation’ has drawbacks in the shape of administrative and governance failures, it offers advantages in the form of empowering the rural population. Administrative and governance flaws can be addressed through competent governance. Rurbanisation has a lot of potentials to help our country’s economic growth, which is a major advantage that includes the rural area.
Details of the submission
Proposals may be submitted via post to Shri. Atul Kumar Tiwari, Joint Secretary, Department of Rural Development, Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi, 110001 or via email at [email protected].