The Unani system of medicine passed through many countries, getting enriched along the way, before being introduced in India around the 8th century. Since its introduction in India many centuries back, India’s continuous contribution to the further development of the Unani system of medicine has been globally recognized. The Unani system of medicine, along with Homoeopathy, and other traditional systems of medicine including Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Siddha and Sowa Rigpa, come under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India.
Recently, WHO has brought out a series of documents about benchmarks of training in traditional medicine including the one for Unani System of Medicine. The document contains training modules for Unani System of Medicine practitioners, pharmacists etc. to help uniform development of the Unani System of medical education in different countries. Even at the country level, some important activities have been undertaken with collaborative support from WHO with outcome documents such as StandardUnani Medical Terminology.
Initiatives of Indian Government in Globalizing Unani System of Medicine
Department of AYUSH has the mandate to propagate Indian Systems of Medicine. The global demand for natural/herbal medicines has increased the scope of international exchange of AYUSH-related information and cooperation with other countries for collaborative efforts in its development. The Department promotes the Unani System of Medicine through its International Cooperation Scheme and facilitates the following:
International exchange of experts and officers.
- Incentive to drug manufacturers, entrepreneurs, and institutions, for international
- propagation of AYUSH and registration of products, for exports Support for international
- market development and promotional activities
- Translation and publication of AYUSH books in foreign languages
- Establishment of AYUSH information Cells/Health Centres in Indian Embassies
- Missions and Cultural Centres in foreign countries and deputation of experts.
International Fellowship Programme has been implemented for foreign nationals to undergo AYUSH course of study in premier Indian institutions and seats are reserved for admission of such candidates. In order to estimate the demand for AYUSH products at the international market two studies as under have been conducted.
- ‘Need Assessment Study on export potential for Indian Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani (ASU) products by International Trade Center (ITC), Geneva.
- Study on India’s Export Potential of AYUSH Products with SAARC and ASEAN Countries by Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT), New Delhi.
The National Formulary of Unani Medicine is published in six parts comprising 1229 formulations of Unani medicines. Each monograph of the Pharmacopoeia provides specific analytical parameters and limits (standards) to ensure the quality of drugs or medicines.
The draft document of the revised National Formulary of Unani Medicine (NFUM) Part- 1V was thereby placed for calling stakeholders Comments/suggestions by 31st Decemebr, 2021 through email to [email protected].