The outbreak of Covid-19 has drastically affected the lives of everyone around us. Covid-19 is hard on women because the Indian economy is hard on women. The massive disruption of Covid-19 to employment has crippled the economy and has pushed millions of women to the financial brink.
Are Women More Affected than Men?
The Covid-19 lockdown has taken the unemployment rates above the sky. A major report estimated that by 10.5%, the women workforce of the country came down while it was only 2% for the men. In every sector, there have been severe cuts in salaries. The lockdown has widened the existing gender inequalities and has also limited the opportunities for women. Among the worst sufferers were the women migrants during the pandemic. They had their problems of security and safety. When they came back to their jobs, they were offered less salary as compared to the male workers for the same jobs. As a result, they suffered and are still suffering due to the pandemic.
Why Women Faced the Bigger Brunt of The Pandemic Distress?
The textile industries employ more women than men which got hit the hardest. Schools were shut during the pandemic. Many women workers who lost their jobs slid back to their full-time role as home-makers as their male counterparts looked for reinstatement. Because of the weakness of women’s participation in the labor market, the economy has been hit the most.
TPT Policy Advocacy & Recommendations
- The labor market has been upended by Covid-19, with disastrous consequences for working women. The Government must look into the matter well to bring some policies that aim to close the wage gap and also improve the working conditions. Women have fundamental roles in both the workplace and in families and the policy largely needs to reflect that.
- A widening gender gap has serious implications for women. The Government must implement gender-responsive social protection systems to support income security for women. Besides, the government must introduce economic support packages that women need right now.