It’s neither about the most important Prophet nor about whether to fast during Yom Kippur or Ramadan. It’s all about the land. In the late 19th century, the Ottoman Empire ruled over what we know today as Palestine. The population there, according to Ottoman Empire in 1878 was 87% Muslim, 10% Christians and 3% Jews. And in Jerusalem, the religious population was roughly equal and their daily language was Arabic. In the second world war millions of Jews were killed in the Holocaust, After the USA British and its allied forces defeated the Germans, thousands of Jews came to Palestine.
In 1947, when the UN proposed the partition plan for the Jewish state and Arab state under UN Resolution 181. In this resolution, the UN General Assembly passed a full fate plan to divide Palestine into Independent Arab state and Jewish as well as the Jerusalem city was brought under the International control. But the 5 members of the Arab countries, including India and 7 more countries voted against the resolution.
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The geographical land allotted was not in the equal ratio. It was that one side got 55% of the land and other side got 45% of the land. The group which got 55% of the land was not the group that lived there for centuries. It was the newly arrived group. Jewish group got 55% of the land for only 8% of their total population. So rather than achieving to more peace, it leads to more violence.
Due to this, there was a war between the Palestine and the newly created Jewish state. At least 70000 Palestinians were forced to leave the country or they were killed in the massacre. According to the Israel, this war was called as a war of independence, to Palestinian it was the catastrophe or Al- Naqba. The Jews occupied almost 75% of the territory at the end of the war. After the end of this war, the territory of Gaza was controlled by Egypt, at the same time, West Bank came under the control of Jordan.
In June 1967, what is called as the 6 Day War, Israel won major victories against the Arab nations. They captured the Sinai Peninsula from the Egypt, the West Bank from Jordan and The Golan Heights from Syria. As a result Israeli’s thought they might exchange the land they had won on the account of making Arab countries to officially recognize Israel’s existence and to put an end to the war.
There were an endless number of internal conflicts like the First Intifada. A clamour for bringing peace between Israel and Palestine grew on the global arena. As a result, a peace agreement was signed between then Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Yasir Arafat the Chairman of PLO ,mediated by the President of the United States, Bill Clinton at the Oslo Accord in 1993. This peace accord did not worked well, both the countries desisted themselves from maintaining peace and accused each other for grabbing their land. The growing tensions between both the countries led to the Second Intifada causing a large number of civilian causalities. As a result of this violence in September 2000, Israel started constructing a wall at the border of West Bank to avoid further incursions and in return withdrew its troops from the Gaza Strip.
Both sides since then have been part of intense violence and heated exchanges. Israel had been constantly seizing the Palestinian land since the first war of independence in 1948. Currently, Israel has occupied roughly 85% of the total territory. According to Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), between 2000-2014, there had been 8,166 conflict related deaths recorded. Out of which a total number of 7,065 are Palestinian and 1,101 were Israeli. When these figures further calculated to the smaller number, it brings down for, every 15 people killed in conflict, 13 are Palestinian and only 2 of them are Israeli.