Approximately more than a number of 10,600 people died by suicide due to unemployment, poverty or bankruptcy, and indebtedness in 2020, which led to an increase of 8% as compared to 9,881 deaths by suicide due to these similar causes together in 2019.
The recent government statistics on this matter show than on average, more than one individual died by committing suicide every hour because of any of these causes in 2020. There was a decrease in number due to bankruptcy or indebtedness to 5,213 in 2020 from 5,908 in the last year, deaths due to unemployment and poverty both recorded a sudden increase.
The increase in death due to poverty had gone up by 69% to 1,901 in 2020 from 1,122 in 2019, whereas there was a decrease in deaths by suicide due to total bankruptcy was 11%. While deaths by suicides due to unemployment recorded a jump of 24% (3,548 from 2,851).
Of the total 10,622 deaths by suicides that were attributed due to all these causes in 2020, those that are related to bankruptcy and indebtedness are nearly half that is 49%, while a third of them which is 3,548 were due to employment. Poverty made 1,901 people to commit suicide.
These causes of suicide together accounted for almost 7% of the total number of deaths by suicides which is almost more than 1.5 lakh that is reported in the nation in 2020. Relatively, they accounted for 8% of the 1.3 lakh suicides that was reported in 2019.
ALMOST OVER k DEATHS BY SUICIDE SINCE 2015
An analysis of data since 2015 clearly shows that 45,406 people died by suicide due to various causes, with those relating to bankruptcy almost accounting for nearly 29,218 or 65% deaths, followed by causes due to unemployment which is 16,565 or 36% deaths.
Data also presents that there are some fluctuations in different cases relating to each of the individual causes. They are increasing every year since 2016. In that specific year, the total suicides due to these different causes had decreased by 18% to touch 7,179. From there, it went up by 22% in 2017, by another 2% in 2018, 11% in 2019, and 8% in 2020, the year which recorded the highest deaths in this period.
AGE AND STATE STATISTICS
The suicides that happened due to these causes in 2020, most deaths not surprisingly took place in the age group of 30-44 years followed by the ones aged 18 and 29 years. The least deaths were among those people under the age of 18 and above 60 years old. People aged between 30 and 44 years accounted for almost nearly 40% of such suicides that is 4,218 while those 18 but under the age of 30 years old accounted for almost 3,065 or 29%.
Further, almost 70% or 7,415 deaths by suicide were reported in four of the southern states: Telangana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, and also Maharashtra. When it comes to causes like bankruptcy, almost 9 out of 10 deaths were reported in these specific states, which for poverty it was 53% and due to unemployment, it was 50.5%.