In the democratic history of India, BJP is the only party among many that rose from phoenix of Jan Sangh to become one of the most powerful political parties in India. There were many parties that were formed to challenge the hegemony of Congress and some have been successful for a short period of time. The former prime ministers such as Morarji Desai and Choudhari Charan Singh of Janata Party came and went without much lasting influence on political arena of India. In the period 1989-90, V.P. Singh became the prime minister belonging to the political party Jan Morcha. Later in the 1990s, Jan Dal’s leaders like Deve Gowda and I.K. Gujaral also became prime ministers of India. However, all these parties rose to power in selected states and with limited influence for a limited period of time. None actually could challenge Congress in the real terms. The only party that could really rise up to the Congress is BJP!
Why BJP lasted and has become the potent force of Indian polity is because they addressed a very emotive part of Hindu middle class i.e. their religion. For many centuries, after the ancient age of India, Hindus did not get the respect and acceptance they believe they deserved. Before, the age of internet most people in the Western world did not even know this religion! What was most emotive for them is that they were treated as a second fiddle in the land their religion was born i.e. India! Moreover, their religion was broken down to pieces on the basis of castes that ensured that Hindus were not united. It was largely perceived that parties like Congress and other regional parties Samajwadi Party in UP, Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar and so on further exploited the caste division of Hindus to remain in power. Finally, the alleged appeasement of Muslims also catalyzed the Hindu angst against these parties.
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It was at a juncture that BJP emerged as the sole savior of the Hindus. From the Gandhian philosophy pursued by Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1980s, BJP switched its position to Ratha Yatra in early 1990s that culminated into the demolition of Babri Masjid and established BJP as a potent force and a lasting one in Indian polity.
BJP also made attempts to unify Hindus across the various castes so that they milk the entire Hindu votes. In fact, it would wrong to say that BJP is in favor of only Hindus. They are supporters of anybody who are anti-Muslims! The cases in point are the victory of BJP in the recently held elections of Goa and Mizoram – both have majority Christian population.
This is the result of Hindu backlash because of the shortsightedness of parties like Congress and other secular outfits. It was their myopia that they took Hindus, which comprises 79 percent of the Indian population, for granted. And that is where BJP exploited the opportunity and it must be admitted they leveraged it very well.
It was proved that if in a Muslim nation; the majority population is given emphasis, and so like in any Christian majority nation, so should be in a Hindu majority nation like India. With the rising education level of the masses, it is also becoming difficult to break Hindu population along the caste line. So, it is advisable that Rahul Gandhi and the brigade do not make stupid comments like the ones in favor of terrorists at JNU as this will only hamper his chances of winning elections. The age old culture of Congress has to change if it wants the party to be out of the rut. In fact, Rahul Gandhi did attempt in this direction during Gujarat election with expected results. India should mature itself to be a truly secular nation where no religion will be given preference over any other if unjustified.