Carbon is slowly and steadily suffocating the planet Earth. After the Industrial Revolution, the burning of fossil fuels is increasing rapidly which directly correlates to the increase of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere and this contributes to global warming.
Besides emissions, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere by natural processes from the Earth’s oceans, soil, plants, animals, and volcanoes. Naturally, CO2 releases into the atmosphere in a several ways from different sources including- the production of CO2 which comes from the oceans-atmosphere exchange (42.83%), through the process of animals-plants respiration (28.56%), soil respiration and decomposition (28.56%).
If we calculate the CO2 emission, you will realize:
1-litre Petrol- 2.3 kg CO2 is emitted.
1 liter Diesel- 2.3 kg CO2 is emitted.
1-litre Heating oil- 3kg CO2 is emitted.
1-litre Gasoline- 2.3 kg CO2 is emitted.
Presently, India is the fourth highest country in the world in CO2 emission before Modi government came in power it stood fifth, but it is less than a one-fourth of China’s and half of the USA’s levels. CO2 emission from coal is declining but oil and gas emissions are still growing fast.
- Delhi’s unprecedented pollution and some remediation
- How a love of concrete is pushing Delhi towards a scary water crisis!
- SC on Pet Coke Import Ban: People’s Health Is More Important
- The Plastic Sea
India’s 2017 projection, the carbon emissions used by the Global Carbon Project was 2%, almost year has been passed away, now, India’s CO2 emissions are estimated at 4.6 %.
In Yale and Columbia Universities study, India ranks 126 out of 132 countries on environmental performances. A combined report released by the Centre for Policy Research and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, examined 15 scenarios from seven different studies to understand India’s emission and energy projections. They concluded the result, “Under the current scenario, India’s emissions are likely to rise by 91-98% over the 2012 levels by 2030”.
According to Corinne Le Quéré, the director of Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research (UK), “This is really not good news that the Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and industry are rising sharply this year, after remaining stable for the past three years”.
India’s COMMITMENTS ON CO2 EMISSION
Every country submits their action plan that is called the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions or INDCs which involves 120 countries including India. India has also done some promises like other countries.
- India has planned to cut greenhouse gas emissions to secure their intensity level by 2030.
- Reduce emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 level.
- India has a dream to achieve about 40% electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030.
- India wants to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5-03% billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
On the other hand, China has a target to achieve lower carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65% from the 2005 level, increase the number of shares of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20%, expand the forest stock volume by around 4.5 billion cubic meters on the 2005 level. The USA had also planned to reduce CO2 emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels in 2025 and promised to make best efforts to reach the upper level.
India needs to take a few more steps towards reducing the Carbon emission, if we change our lifestyle then the carbon emission will be automatically reduced. For the solution of this dangerous problem we need to take few simple steps like- Firstly we need to make a strong commitment of reducing our carbon footprint, drive less and walk more, change our bulbs, use solar energy, plant more trees, switch off electric equipment after use, set our AC from 24 – 26ºC with a fan.
A steady and effective commitment will boost India has a country and the environment too.