India and Russia 2+2 dialogue to take place on grounds summit on 6th December

Both nations, India and Russia on Friday have announced that they will hold the maiden 2+2 dialogue of their defence and foreign ministers on the lines of the yearly summit between Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, and Vladimir Putin, President of Russia on 6th December.

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India and Russia 2+2 dialogue to take place on grounds summit on 6th December

This is going to be the 21st annual summit between the two nations, although the meeting could not take place last year due to the pandemic. It comes at a moment when the Russian leadership is cautious about India’s rising stronger ties with the United States, whereas the Indian side has been disappointed by a sudden uptick in the relations of Pakistan-Russia.

Both nations, India and Russia on Friday have announced that they will hold the maiden 2+2 dialogue of their defence and foreign ministers on the lines of the yearly summit between Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India and Vladimir Putin, President of Russia on 6th December.

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This is going to be Putin’s second foreign visit after the outbreak of Covid-19. In June, he visited Geneva for his first meeting with Joe Biden, President of the US. Putin’s choice to travel to New Delhi shows the significance attached by Russia to its immense and privileged strategic coalition with India.

This is going to be the 21st annual summit between the two nations, although the meeting could not take place last year due to the pandemic. It comes at a moment when the Russian leadership is cautious about India’s rising stronger ties with the United States, whereas the Indian side has been disappointed by a sudden uptick in the relations of Pakistan-Russia.

“The leaders will review the state and prospects of bilateral relations and discuss ways to further strengthen the strategic partnership between the two countries. The summit will afford an opportunity to exchange views on regional, multilateral and international issues of mutual interest,” the external affairs ministry stated in a statement.

The Russian foreign ministry stated in a statement that Putin decides to discuss further enhancement of the bilateral ties. The leaders will certainly exchange views on topical international issues, including working together within G20, BRICS and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), it stated.

The last annual summit took place when Modi had visited Vladivostok in September 2019. This is going to be the first face-to-face meeting between Modi and Putin since their discussions on the grounds of the Bric Summit in November 2019 in Brasilia.

Both Modi and Putin had agreed during a conversation on the telephone on 28th April to launch a 2+2 dialogue. Currently, India has 2+2 ministerial dialogues only with Japan, the US and Australia. The main agenda for the launch of the India-Russia 2+2 dialogue on 6th December will cover defence and political problems, the external minister stated.

Rajnath Singh, Defence minister and S Jaishankar, external affairs minister will represent the Indian side. Sergey Lavrov, foreign minister of Russia and Sergey Shoigu, defence minister of Russia will visit New Delhi as the Russian side during 5th-6th December for the dialogue.

“The establishment of a new mechanism of 2+2 dialogue is expected to further strengthen the strategic partnership between the two countries,” the external affairs minister stated.

The Russian side stated that the 2+2 dialogue is sought to focus on main regional and global topics, which includes the “situation in the Asia-Pacific region and developments on Afghanistan and Syria”. The ministers will even exchange their views on interaction within SCO and the Russia-India-China (RIC) mechanism.

The visit of Putin and the 2+2 dialogue are under some scrutiny as they are coexisting with the delivery by Russia of the very first squadron of S-400 air defence systems. Russian officials stated that in mod-November the deliveries of the S-400 system have started and are going on schedule.

Both the nations signed a $5.4 billion contract for 5 S-400 systems during the last visit of Putin in India in October 2018. India has showed its interest to go further ahead with the deal despite the US cautioning that it could attract many sanctions under the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).

Both nations are sought to renew their military-technical cooperation arrangement for 2021-31 and as well sign many agreements related to defence during the summit. A significant pact is the Reciprocal Exchange of Logistics Agreement (RELOS), that will permit militaries of both the nations to use logistics at each other’s grounds.

External affairs ministry spokesperson Arindam Bagchi stated to a regular news briefing that the defence cooperation is a significant part of the relationship between India and Russia but declined to comment about the specific deals.

“Regarding the CAATSA waiver, India and the US have a comprehensive global strategic partnership, and India has a special and privileged strategic partnership with Russia. We also pursue an independent foreign policy. This also applies to our defence acquisitions and supplies, which are guided by our national security interests,” he further stated.

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India and Russia 2+2 dialogue to take place on grounds summit on 6th December
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Both nations, India and Russia on Friday have announced that they will hold the maiden 2+2 dialogue of their defence and foreign ministers on the lines of the yearly summit between Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, and Vladimir Putin, President of Russia on 6th December.
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THE POLICY TIMES
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