India’s foreign policy with respect to its geographical neighbors has been deteriorating under the present government. This is largely due to India’s reluctance to give importance to its neighbors and their sensitivities. Prime Minister Modi has made some visits to most of its neighboring countries, but that spirit found discontinuation when implementing the foreign policy.
- India did not handle Nepal well as a result there is large scale acrimony among Nepalese authorities towards India.
- When communists came to power, Madhesi groups, who are people of Indian origin complained to be left ignored
- They resort to protest characterized by road blockades at border points
- Nepal accused Indian government for this development
- This, along with Communist ideology have moved Nepal towards China and away from India
Indian government did not give enough effort to stop this slide, resulting in Nepal slipping away from India’s orbit of influence.
India’s relationship with Pakistan has been in tatters ever since this government has come to power.
- India’s relationship with Pakistan has been steadily improving under Manmohan Singh and his counterpart, Nawaz Sherif
- Modi, after coming to power, cut off the scheduled secretary level talks under flimsy grounds
- Rhetoric on 1971 War in Bangladesh did not help strengthening the relationship either
- Mention of Baluchistan in PM’s Independence Day Speech confirmed India’s support for the Baluch separatists
- India’s reiteration of Pakistani terrorism on UAE soil further worsened the situation
- Endless speeches against Pakistan by Modi also presaged bitterness
India’s relationship with Sri Lanka has been under strain for a long time – partly due to India’s covert support to Tamil separatists as well as India’s voting against Sri Lankan government at UNO on human rights violation. The present government made no efforts to amend the past mistake as there was opportunity for Modi in doing so underpinned by the end of Tamil separatist movement in Jaffna.
India’s relationship with Bhutan is good, but the tiny Himalayan kingdom is too insignificant in making much headway to improve overall score of Indian foreign policy.
India has a reasonably good bilateral ties with Bangladesh government, although the common Bangladeshis largely loath India.
- There is social tug of war going on within the nation regarding the perils of Indian influence on their society and harm that Indian goods are doing to their economy.
- Moreover, India’s intent of deporting crores of Assamese residents to Bangladesh is likely to generate discord between the two nations.
In trying to be in good books of United States and other Western powers, India is neglecting the importance of its neighborly relations. Modi has to pull up its socks quickly in order to restore relationships with other South Asian nations as without their support India cannot emerge as a regional power, lest a global power.