The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been crafted by United Nations consisting of 17 “Global Goals” and 169 targets among them. The 17 goals include: No Poverty, Zero Hunger, Good Health and Well-being, Quality Education, Gender Equality, Clean Water and Sanitation, Affordable and Clean Energy, Decent Work and Economic Growth, Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, Reduced Inequalities, Sustainable Cities and Communities, Responsible Consumption and Production, Climate Action, Life Below Water, Life on Land, Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, and Partnerships for the Goals.
These goals are considered by United Nations as the most necessary and legitimate goals for the progress of a nation. It is quite shocking that a BRIC nation and an emerging economy such as India are placed at 116 out of 157 nations on the SDG index. The Dashboards Report and the SDG Index is produced by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). India with a score of 58.1 is behind some impoverished nations like Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. India is also behind China and Iran, although ahead of Pakistan whose rank is 122.
This shows India’s progress and development is not much sustainable and the progress and investment is tried upon on weak infrastructure. Unless, the social, physical, and financial infrastructure is strong, India’s progress cannot accelerate and shall not be sustainable.
It is strange that cow politics and religious fundamentalism is gaining ground in India at the expense of real issues like SDG. The endless foreign trips of our Prime Minister will not be successful in bringing investments in India, unless the policy makers emphasize of SDG.
It is also seen that instead of big economies, the small developed economies scored better in the SDG Index. Sweden stands at the top of the list followed by Denmark and Finland. France and Germany are the only G7 nations making it to the top ten. United States is also lowly placed in 42nd position, while Russia and China are placed in 62nd and 71st position respectively.