The Kathua and Unnao rape case was a low point for the nation as not much has been done for upholding women’s security and rights. The Kathua rape case where an 8-year-old girl from Bakharwal community was brutally raped and murdered. Though the incident caused an outrage throughout India, the matter is still before the court. In the Unnao case, the family is still fighting for justice where a BJP MLA is the main accused. Both the cases grabbed national media coverage and protesters stormed the streets asking an end to gender violence and stricter laws to protect women and children.
Decriminalising gay sex: this was considered as a landmark and a historic verdict by the Supreme Court. According to various media reports, this ruling overturned the 2013 judgment that upheld a colonial-era law (Section 377 – unnatural offence). The court ruled that discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation is a fundamental violation of rights.
#MeToo shook India to the core. The movement brought skeletons tumbling from the closet, sexual harassment allegations against politicians, media persons and Bollywood bigwigs brought to the fore by victims who had been silently suffering from for years. Names such as Nana Patekar, MJ Akbar and Utsav Chakraborty made headlines. The #MeToo movement fostered solidarity and sisterhood but it was also misused to defame men.
Agrarian crisis: In the latest feat, more than one lakh farmers marched to Delhi in November to move the government about their plight. Over the years, farmer suicides saw an apathetic response from the authorities. This year, the farmers took thinks into their hands and protested quarterly to bring their grievances to the front.
Rafale deal: a political controversy surrounding the acquisition of the 36 multirole fighter aircraft worth Rs 58 crore with much hype from the opposition while the government maintains that there is nothing fishy about the deal. The deal was even brought to the court but given a clean chit.
Kerala Floods was the most deadly floods that the state of Kerala experienced in 100 years. It roughly caused $2.5 billion in losses and damaged thousands of homes in various parts of the state. Moreover, a government-backed report on water management published in June revealed that Kerala was among the nation’s worst performers. Mining and hydropower dams had made areas more susceptible to floods and other disasters.
Mob Violence: In May 2018, about 29 people were killed in various states in India in mob violence fuelled by messages on WhatsApp about child kidnapping. Over the past four years, India was riddled by spates of mob lynching by gau rakshaks and anti-nationalism messages. Instead going into the root of the problem, the police often field complaints against the assault victims, their relatives, and associates under laws banning cow slaughter. Mob lynching still remains very much of a problem.
Now, with the Lok Sabha elections around the corner, the common people are looking for a much needed change at the centre. The 2019 will bring a new government and grievances to the front.
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) took the nation to greater heights by launching the heaviest satellite, acclaimed to be the most-advanced high-throughput communication satellite GSAT-11. In January, the ISRO launched the PSLV-C40/Cartosat-2 series satellite mission. In March, the space organization launched a communication satellite and in April, one for navigation; and in November, a satellite for Earth observation. The ISRO has left its mark in the international space research forums giving Indian input.