Intimidating labour reforms, informal workers’ social security fund waits to take off: 2022

In a chief flow, the ministry launched the e-Shram portal on 26th August 2021 for creating a countrywide database of over 38 crore informal zone people.

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Intimidating labour reforms, informal workers' social security fund waits to take-off: 2022

Ushering in a massive wave of reforms through implementing the 4 labour codes, putting in place the countrywide social security fund to cover over 38 crore informal zone people and enhancing the benefit of doing enterprise will top the timetable of the labour ministry inside the New 12 months.

In a chief flow, the ministry launched the e-Shram portal on 26th August 2021 for creating a countrywide database of over 38 crore informal zone people. It will assist the authorities to ensure last-mile transport of advantages of diverse social security schemes to the informal-quarter employees.

Also Read: 4 labour codes to be implemented by FY23 as states drafting rules

To this point, the progress in pushing beforehand with the labour codes has been giant as a maximum of the states are geared up with draft rules for the four codes and the Centre had firmed up the regulations from its give up, again in February 2021. The latter is a prerequisite for imposing brand-new codes.

On the order of imposing the codes in 2022, that would initially aid the creation of the social security fund for the informal sector workers, Bhupender Yadav who is the Union Labour Minister stated, “we are working on that. We are committed to social security. We are committed to the welfare of labour. For that purpose, whatever will be (required), we want to do.”

Nearly more than 17 crore informal sector workers have registered themselves on the e-Shram portal.

The central government has issued 4 labour codes. The Code on Wages, 2019, was notified on August 8, 2019, while the rest 3 — the Industrial Relations Code, 2020, the Code on Social Security, 2020, and the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 — were issued on September 29, 2020.

The Code on Social Security gives for making a social security fund that will aid in bringing informal sector workers under the social security net and even for welfare schemes.

While expressing the hope that all informal sector workers shall be registered on the e-Shram portal in 2022, Yadav stated, “we have taken many initiatives which show our government takes care of poor persons, especially the e-Shram portal launched by our ministry under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, which got a huge response.”

“The purpose is to register the data of the unorganised workers and that is the mandate under the social security code. I am also happy that all trade unions have wholeheartedly supported this mission.”

The biggest number of draft notifications are pre-published on The Code on Wages by 24 states/UTs followed by The Industrial Relations Code (20 states) and The Code on Social Security (18) states.

One of the key concerns is about the meaning of wages which caps allowances at 50% and provides for higher deduction of provident fund and gratuity. Once imposed, such a move shall mean that eventually the take-home salary of employees will reduce, and the employers will also be needed to restructure the salaries’ structure.

Besides, the trade unions even claim that there are several other provisions that make forming trade unions a little inconvenient. “We are also ready to talk on issues under tripartite (arrangement). So many forums have already been active,” Yadav stated.

According to the minister, the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) and Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) meetings have been regulated.

“For the purpose of human resource management, infrastructure, IT, capacity building and public grievances, we have already appointed sub-committees under EPFO as well as ESIC. It will boost the functioning of the ministry,” he mentioned out.

“Those reports will come (in 2022) and will definitely fulfil the Prime Minister’s views and mission, that is evidence-based policy and targeted last-mile delivery. I think that will happen with that. Apart from that, we are strengthening our NCS (National Career Service) portal,” he stated.

In 2021, the ESI Scheme was increased to 52 districts, bringing 2,31,495 employees along with their family members under it. The scheme is lately available in 592 districts, and it is asked to extend the coverage of the scheme to all districts in the nation by 2022.

As of 18th December under the Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana (ABRY), total benefits of Rs 2,966.28 crore have been given to 42,82,688 beneficiaries through 1,20,697 establishments.

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Intimidating labour reforms, informal workers' social security fund waits to take off: 2022
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In a chief flow, the ministry launched the e-Shram portal on 26th August 2021 for creating a countrywide database of over 38 crore informal zone people.
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THE POLICY TIMES
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