The ACROSS scheme, which stands for Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services, was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in collaboration with the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, with approval for the extension of the nine sub-schemes known as the umbrella scheme from 2017 to 2020. The program’s major goal is to increase the quality of weather and climate forecasts through correct interpretation and robust R&D.
This plan is related to the Ministry of Earth Sciences‘ one-of-a-kind science projects. The primary goal is to provide reliable climate and weather forecasts for the benefit of humanity. This also focuses on improving climate and weather prediction skills through adequate observations and thorough research and development. This design includes nine associative and incorporative sub-projects that will be carried out in a coordinated way. It is able to focus on many parts of climate and weather services, such as storm surges, thunderstorms, heat waves, and cyclone alerts. Each of these elements is linked to one of the nine plans.
The Ministry of Earth Sciences is mandated to conduct research and development efforts in order to enhance and improve the forecasting capability for weather, climate, and natural hazard events. MoES has taken many measures to create specialized schemes in this regard, such as augmentation of observation systems and infrastructure, understanding processes through special campaigns, weather and climate modeling, monsoon research, climate change science, climate services, and so on. These plans involve a number of institutions, each of which has a specific function to play in carrying out the aforementioned tasks. As a result, all of these schemes, each with its own set of goals and funding, are implemented in tandem and grouped under the umbrella scheme “ACROSS.”
Objectives of the scheme
- The ACROSS scheme aims to improve society by providing reliable climate and weather forecasts.
- This aims at upgrading the skill of climate and weather estimation via proper intensive observations and research.
- This would increase the efficiency of the distribution and transmission method, ensuring the timely reach and connection with the end-user of services such as aviation, climate, tourist, agrometeorological services, and so on.
- This will involve collaboration with a number of organizations.
- It collaborates with a variety of organizations, including the Indian Council of Agricultural Research’s Krishi VigayanKendras, local municipalities, and institutions, to ensure a seamless and last-minute connection in broadcasting weather and climate data.
- The plan will improve weather, climate, and ocean forecasting and services, assuring a transfer of benefits to the various services.
- It will also supply a significant number of scientific and technical personnel, as well as the necessary administrative support, resulting in job creation.
- To provide last-mile connectivity of weather-based services to end-users, a vast number of entities, including ICAR Krishi VigyanaKendras, universities, and local municipalities, are involved, creating job possibilities for many individuals.
The ACROSS scheme will provide benefits to end-users through a variety of services such as agro-meteorological services, public weather services, environmental monitoring services, aviation services, climate services, hydro-meteorological services, power generation, tourism, pilgrimage, sports and adventure, water management, and so on. The ACROSS program will also create generations of jobs by recruiting workers throughout its whole process, from forecasting services to delivering services.
The ACROSS scheme will also help the Earth Sciences Ministry fulfill one of its mandates, which is to observe the weather, climate, and ocean activities, as well as to conduct research and development activities for economic, societal, and environmental benefits, such as addressing the climate change crisis.