The Ministry of Labour and Employment has finalized rules under the four labor codes for making reforms to be a reality. The rules need to be notified before implementing these four codes. Even the Ministry has completed the process of consultation on draft rules on the four codes and firmed up those for notification.
Proposal of the New Labor Code
The Labour and Employment secretary Apurva Chandra said, even as the working hours limit of 48 hours for a week will remain “sacrosanct”, the proposed new labor codes could provide companies with the flexibility of four working days in a week This statement implies that there will be long working hours if the working days are reduced. On one hand, the proposal appears unworkable in manufacturing, where machines need to be operated round-the-clock, and project-based sectors like real estate but on the other hand, fuel consumption is reduced and it will help the economy and the environment.
Implementingthe Four Codes at a Go
The Labour Ministry had envisaged implementing the four labor codes in one go. The Ministry is in the final leg of amalgamating the 44 central labor laws into the four codes. After firming up the rules, the four codes can then be notified in one go. Also, all the stakeholders are consulted in the framing of rules. Even certain rules would also be framed by the states under the four codes since labor is a concurrent subject.
Paving the Way for an Excessive Workload
It has been clarified by the Labour Secretary that reduced working days will not mean a cut in paid holidays. The new work structure is nothing but an act of exploitation and it indicates an excessive workload. Also, this new proposed law is having additional three hours that too by giving discretion to the employer, which is nothing but giving a free hand to exploit and most of them take mere advantage of it.
The Policy Times policy Suggestions
- Every employee has the right to work in a free environment. But these newly outlined rules may create an imbalance in the work-life, so the Government must rethink its decision before the implementation.
- There is a societal bias against working women. The 12-hour-days will dissuade women from joining the workforce or will even lead the way to drop out. If the government follows the existing plan of 5 days a week and 9 hours a day, then women could continue participating in the workforce.
- The large manufacturing and real estate firms will face the biggest problem. Keeping the factory shut one day is not feasible as some machines need to be operated round-the-clock. So, the Ministry must look into the matter well to prevent any kind of losses.