With 96.2%, Kerala is once again the most literate state in India as per the reports of the National Statistical Office (NSO), while Andhra Pradesh stands last with only 66.4% literacy. The report, namely, ‘Household Social consumption: Education in India as part of the 75th Round of National Sample Survey from July 2017 to June 2018′ provides data on the state-wise distribution of literacy among the people above seven years age.
State-wise literacy chart
After Kerala, Delhi ranks second with an 88.7% literacy rate, followed by Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, and Assam at 87.6%, 86.6%, and 85.9%, respectively. The worst performers are led by Andhra Pradesh, followed by Rajasthan at a 69.7% literacy rate. Bihar scores 70.9%, Telangana 72.8%, and Uttar Pradesh, 73% to be the worst five states of India in literacy. The study also showed that the literacy rate is 73.5 % in rural areas while maintaining 87.7% in the country’s urban areas.
The NSO collected a sample of 49,238 urban households from 6,188 blocks and 64,519 rural households from 8,097 villages from all across the country. Alongside this, the report also reflected the inculcation of digital technology in households. It says that approximately 4% of the rural households and 23% of the urban households have a computer. 29% of the people aged from 15 to 29 can operate a computer in rural areas, while 56% of them can do it in the urban areas. Approximately 35% of the people from the age group of 15 to 29 availed the internet maximum 30 days prior to the survey. The urban areas show 58% usage of the internet while the rural areas report 25% active usage.
Male-female literacy rate
The male literacy ratio is 84.7%, while that of the female is 70.3%. The male literacy rate in all the states is greater than the female literacy rate. There are 97.4% literate male to 95.2% female in Kerala. In Delhi, the male literacy rate stands at 93.7%, and the female literacy rate is 82.4%. In the worst-performing states, too, like in Andhra Pradesh, the male literacy rate is 73.4% when the female literacy rate is only 59.5%. The male literacy rate in Rajasthan and Bihar is 80.8% and 79.7%, respectively, whereas the female literacy rate in the same is 57.6% and 60.5%.
Recommendations by The Policy Times
- As the literacy rate is slowly increasing in the country, strict steps should be taken to decrease child labour and make education more accessible.
- The rural areas need to be focused on where schools are not adequately functional.
- Kerala has set an example over the years by topping the charts in literacy, and the other states should adopt some reformative policies from it.
- The sample size must be increased to calculate a bigger picture and get more precise data.