The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) rankings of the top 50 universities for higher education present in Asia reveals that no university from India has qualified to be in the top 10 categories. Though we could not make it to the top 10 list, it’s a matter of pride that 3 of our IITs have at least made it to the top 50 list. The three IITs include IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, and IIT Madras. However, other IITs have also found a place in the list but secured a lower ranking.
Comparison of several parameters
The QS ranking of the top Asian universities was conducted amongst 650 Asian universities that are present in a total of 18 locations. It was judged on 11 parameters that included academic standing, research quality, employability, and other different factors. The National University of Singapore has managed to secure the top position in the list and has maintained being on the top for a 3rd consecutive year now. Of the total 650 universities, 124 were from Mainland China, 107 were from India, 105 were from Japan, 88 were from South Korea, 43 were from Taiwan, 40 were from Pakistan, 35 were from Malaysia, and 30 were from Indonesia.
Based on the rankings, there were 12 IITs that conquered ranks within the top 250. These IITs are
- IIT Bombay (Rank 37)
- IIT Delhi (Rank 47)
- IIT Madras (Rank 50)
- IIT Kharagpur (Rank 58)
- IIT Kanpur (Rank 72)
- IIT Roorkee (Rank 103)
- IIT Guwahati (Rank 117)
- IIT Indore (Rank 188)
- IIT Hyderabad (Rank 220)
- IIT Ropar (Rank 225)
- IIT Bhubaneswar (Rank 233)
Out of the 107 universities that took part in the listing, only 31 universities could make a position in the top 250 list. And amongst these 31 universities, 12 are IITs that are mentioned above.
Why are Indian universities lacking behind in international rankings?
There are various parameters in which a university’s efficacy is judged. Our universities are shaped majorly to focus on academics only. There are issues like student’s problem-solving abilities, research capacity, co-curricular activities, creative learning, etc. in which a student and his/her university can be judged for securing a higher position in the ranking lists. But as the main focus of our universities is only on preparing students for academics, they lose out to other universities in terms of the overall ranking. Thus, we need a reform in our education system soon to make our universities capable of being in the top rankings in such lists.
The Policy Times suggestion
- The low performance of Indian universities overseas indicates that our education system needs reforms. Rather than just focusing on academics, we must also focus on making our students more creative and nurture the niches in which they possess talent.
- Also, the educational infrastructure and mode of teaching must be considered for reform. Education must reach in rural areas as well. Being educated means improving one’s knowledge and expertise in multi-dimensional genres and not just being a bookworm.