While the gross enrolment ratio (GER) for primary schools has increased from 81.6 in 2001 to 93.03 in 2018-19 and 102.1 in 2019-2020, overall retention in 2019-20 is 74.6 percent for primary and 59.6 percent for secondary education, according to the UNESCO 2021 State of the Education Report for India: There are no teachers and no classes.
“When it comes to increasing overall educational standards, retention, transition, and equity in academic success, quality of education is the fundamental issue of the coming decade. As a result, this decade’s focus has been on teachers and teaching,” according to the study, which was released Thursday. Schools in India have been physically closed since March 2020. Foundational learning, which is the emphasis of early classrooms, is on track to fall much lower than it is now.
“The use of technology in education for the purpose of teaching and learning has emerged as important,” the report continued, “but this has also exposed a range of issues, including a significant proportion of students’ lack of devices and Internet bandwidth, teachers’ lack of preparedness in the use of technology, and a lack of resources in Indian languages.”
Poor Internet connection and digital infrastructure
Overall, 22% of computer devices (desktops or laptops) are available in schools across India, with rural regions having significantly lower provisioning (18%) than urban areas (43 percent). In schools across India, 19% of students have access to the internet, with just 14% in rural regions compared to 42% in metropolitan ones.
“In about 15 years, 27 percent of the current workforce will need to be replaced. The workforce has a deficit of over 1 million teachers (at current student strength), and is likely to need to grow overall given the shortages of teachers in certain education levels and subjects such as early childhood education, special education, physical education, music, arts, and curricular streams of vocational education,” the report said.
From 8.9 million instructors in 2013-14 to 9.4 million in 2018-19, the overall number of teachers in the system increased by 17%. The total pupil-teacher ratio (PTR) decreased from 31:1 in 2013-14 to 26:1 in 2018-19, indicating the state’s efforts to satisfy the RTE Act’s teacher-requirement requirements.
During the same time period, the percentage of teachers employed in the private sector increased from 21% in 2013-14 to 35% in 2018-19. The proportion of private schools with teacher needs (as measured by a PTR of 1:35) has fallen by 10%, while the proportion of public schools has declined by 6%.
Single-teacher schools number is 1,10,971, that is, 7.15 percent. About 89 percent of these single-teacher schools are in rural areas. States with a high percentage of single-teacher schools include Arunachal Pradesh (18.22 percent), Goa (16.08 percent), Telangana (15.71 percent), Andhra Pradesh (14.4 percent), Jharkhand (13.81 percent), Uttarakhand (13.64 percent), Madhya Pradesh (13.08 percent), and Rajasthan (10.08 percent).
Women account for half of all teachers –
Women make up half of India’s 9.43 million school teachers. The percentage of female teachers in the workforce varies greatly from state to state. Several states and union territories (UTs) with more than 70% female instructors are scored well on the Performance Grading Index (PGI). Chandigarh (82%) is the most populous, followed by Delhi (74%), Kerala (78%), Punjab (75%), and Tamil Nadu (75%). (75 percent). Other states-UTs with a higher proportion of women teachers are Puducherry (78 percent) and Goa (80 percent). Five states have a low proportion of women teachers (40 percent or less): Assam (39 percent), Bihar (40 percent), Jharkhand (39 percent), Rajasthan (39 percent), and Tripura (32 percent).
According to the data, the teaching profession is predominantly young, with over 65 percent of instructors under the age of 44. The typical family size is four, and the median age of school instructors is 38.
Road access is available to 86 percent of schools across the country, including 89 percent of urban schools and 85 percent of rural schools. The proportion drops to between 59 and 68 percent in hilly or mountainous states and union territories, such as the northeast, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir.
The Indian Express