The education draft policy provides reconstruction at all levels of education from school to higher education. Mainly it focuses on early childhood care, examination system, teacher training management, and education framework. The Policy Times has come up with some recommendations to improve India’s education.
A 9 member committee chaired by renowned Indian space scientist Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan produced a Comprehensive Document of 484 pages – ‘the draft National Education Policy’ 2019 and shared by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India on May 31, 2019.
The draft consists of four sections that deal with ‘School Education’, ‘Higher Education’, ‘Additional Key Focus Areas’ and ‘Transforming Education’ along with an appendage as well as 14 appendices.
The education draft policy provides reconstruction at all levels of education from school to higher education. Mainly it focuses on early childhood care, examination system, teacher training management, and education framework.
Aim of the Draft Policy:
The report attempts to address some of the core challenges, which seeks the solutions in (1) Equity (2) Quality (3) Access (4) Affordability (5) Accountability, facing by the current educational system. The aim of the draft education policy is to establish a new education in India and aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry for a span of 20 years starting from 2020 to 2040.
Highlights of the Draft Education Policy:
- The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) must be renamed to the Ministry of Education (MoE).
- The proposition of reconfigured educational and curricular structure with Early Childhood Care and Education is a necessary part of the education.
- The Right to Education act has been elongated to cater to the needs of children belonging to the age of 3-18.
- The teacher should have a minimum qualification in a 4-year integrated stage specified B.Ed. program.
- The committee proposed to restructure the higher education institution into three types. (1) Focus on high-quality education and world-class research, (2) High-quality teaching focusing on research, (3) High-quality teaching for undergraduate education
- Students will be given subject choices and flexibility regarding study in the field of arts, humanities, sciences, sports, and vocational subjects. There will be no hard separation between ‘arts’ and ‘science’ streams, or between ‘academic’ and ‘vocational’ streams.
- There will be a Special education zone set up in the disadvantaged regions across the country.
- Draft doing away with the 10+2 model of schooling and replacing it with a more globally accepted 5+3+3+4 format, also called a K-12 format.
- All schools will also be fully resourced with teachers. No ‘temporary’ teachers will be allowed.
- Every student will get foundational literacy by 2025 to address the issue of students not being able to read, write and do elementary math.
The Draft has some excellent recommendations including reform of teacher training and exam systems; the establishment of a National Education Commission; separating Government’s roles in governance, being a policymaker, operator, assessor and regulator of schools to avoid conflict of interests.
To know more about the draft education policy and The Policy Times’ recommendation to improve India’s education policy.