When he visited Nepal last week, Mr. Xi Jinping became the first President of China who visited Nepal in 23 years. During his visit, he declared support to various development programs of Nepal and also stated that Nepal and China have been friends since ancient times. He also said that the two countries respect each other boundaries but if any country tries to infiltrate the borders or sovereignty of China, then it will be crushed brutally by the Chinese force. Was he referring to India is the question that millions of Indians will be thinking right now.
During his tour to India, the Chinese President indulged in long talks with Mr. Narendra Modi the Prime Minister of India. However, no formal agreement, MOU, or treaty was signed between the countries. Similarly, no Indo-US deals were signed when Mr. Narendra Modi visited the US. Therefore, were these bilateral talks and visits of any value or did they help to strengthen the development strategy of India in any way are the things that need to be analyzed by the present government of India.
On the other hand, Xi Jinping pledged his support to several development programs in Nepal. It includes the reconstruction of the Amiko Highway that connects Tatopani with Kathmandu, Himalayan railway projects, and many other rails, roads, and ports that should be seen as the growing friendship between China and Nepal. The two countries also signed an MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) to fortify the connectivity between the two countries.
Nepal also extended its support to China’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. It also pledged that Nepal will never allow someone to use its territory to carry out separatist activities against China. Nepal and Tibet have a long common border and thousands of Tibetans cross this border each year to visit their spiritual Guru Dalai Lama who is residing in Dharamshala of India.
China has been putting pressure on Nepal to restrict and control these visits as China thinks that Dalai Lama is trying to separate the Himalayan belt from them. Therefore, many experts believe that China is indirectly threatening India here to let go of the Dalai Lama who had sought refuge in India when China took over the control of Tibet from the royal family of Tibet. As a result, we can say that the meeting of Xi Jinping with Narendra Modi did not have any change in China’s expansionist policies.