On 16 December 2012, Nirbhaya (Changed name), a 23-year-old girl was beaten, tortured and gang raped in a private bus. There were six others on a bus including the driver, one of them was minor. All the six-person raped the woman and beat her friend and threw her away on road. After eleven days of treatment, she was transferred to Singapore for emergency treatment, but she died two days later because of injuries. This incident got media attention both nationally and internationally.
A huge protest occurred after this incident, thousands of people protest against rape and molestation. All the accused got arrested, one of the minor accused sentenced to 3 years in jail and rest of them sentenced to death by hanging.
What Changed After Nirbhaya Rape Case?
It has been almost five and half years of Nirbhaya Rape case and when we look around, level of reduction in rape cases of women and violence against women has not minimized. However, in 2018 the girls are not safe, and the situation is getting worst. Now, rape cases of minors are increasing in various states and in metro cities also.
According to Times of India report, reported by Neeraj Chauhan – In 2016, 106 rapes per day were reported in India. Majority of the girls who were raped were girls of age group 0 – 12 years and in 36,859 (96%) cases, the culprits were known to rape victims – like neighbors, relatives, family members, husband/live in partner, employer, co-worker etc.
The National Capital Delhi has become a rape capital and majority of the cases are being witnessed by Delhi, followed by 712 in Mumbai, 354 in Pune and 330 in Jaipur. According to NCRB data crime against women increased by 2.9% all over the country in 2016 with 4,737 rapes recorded throughout the year. In India, 38,947 rape cases were registered in 2016 as compared to 34,210 in 2015. Also, Gang Rape reported in 2016 increased to 2,167 from 2,113 in 2015.
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Minors Are Becoming Biggest Rape Victims In 2018
According to report published by thequint.com on 17 May 2018, in 2015 under Protection of Children Against sexual Offence (POSCO) Act 10,854 rape cases were registered under pan India, while in 2016 19,765 of such cases were registered. In 2016, Most of the minor rape cases were reported in Madhya Pradesh (2,292), Uttar Pradesh (2,115), Odisha (1,258) and Tamil Nadu (1,169).
According to child rights NGO CRY report, the Sexual offense is committed against a child in India every 15 minutes and over the past 10 years, crimes against minors increased by 500 percent. According to report, Uttar Pradesh tops the list with 15 percent followed by Madhya Pradesh at 14 percent and Maharashtra at 13 percent respectively.
The exact date of 2018 has not been released yet but this year there is an increment in minor rape cases. As in the starting of 2018, two cases came forward publicly which had shaken the nation drastically. One is Kathua Rape Case and the second one is Unnao Rape Case which gained national attention.
Unnao Rape Case – The Unnao rape case refers to the rape of 17 years old girl on 4 June 2017, the main accused is Kuldeep Singh Sengar, an MLA of Uttar Pradesh and also a member of BJP. The victim and her family tried to immolate herself outside Chief Minister Yogi Aditayanath’s residence on 8 April 2018 alleged that police are not taking an appropriate action against accused.
The case was handed over to Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). The victim’s father died in judicial custody afterward. This incident was widely covered by national media and became a sensation and also received national attention.
Kathua Rape Case – A girl who was just an 8-year-old, raped by eight different men in a temple of Kathua in Jammu & Kashmir in 2108. She belonged to a Muslim Bakerwals community. She was abducted and raped for days in the temple. The charge sheet has been filed and accused have been arrested and the trial begins on April 8, 2018. Two political local leaders who belong to BJP protested in the favor of the accused and stated that the charge sheet is wrong. Later, both of the leaders resigned. The rape and brutal murder of 8 years old girl, as well as the support of accused lead to national attention and widespread outrage.
Among these cases, there are many cases of minor rapes held in 2018, which went through less media attention like – Sitapur Gang Rape, where father ‘gifts’ her daughter to his friends to gang rape her and later he also joined. In Chhattisgarh, a 10-year-old girl was raped by a 25-year-old and killed her by smashing her head with a stone. In Assam, the 11-year-old girl was raped and then burnt alive. This was a very shameless rape case in Madhya Pradesh, where a 4-month-old baby was found to be raped and murdered in the Rajwada area.
What are the Government’s Policies and How are they executed?
There are many policies which are initiated by the government to empower women and tackle the problem of violence against women in India. “Beti Bachao – Beti Padhao Scheme”, “Women Helpline Scheme”, Nirbhaya” and many more schemes made but what are the advantages of all these schemes if we and regime cannot protect women.
According to Human Rights Watch, there are multiple high-profile rape cases emerged across the country and this year, once again it exposed the failure of the criminal justice system. The rape victims also lack the needful support regarding healthcare and employment. If women and girl become pregnant after rape, then they can have a safe abortion by a doctor, but several rape victims had to file petition courts in 2017 when the doctors denied safe abortion in cities like Delhi and Chandigarh.
Recently, Supreme Court of India ordered compensation to women who were violated, raped, sexually abused, acid attack victims, and also in other cases of violence against women. The compensation is around 5-7 or 10 lakhs as there were some guidelines to access compensation.
“Under the banner of Shakti, self-defense training is providing our trainers and around two lakhs girls were covered in 2017”, said Delhi Police Commissioner Amulaya Patnaik. Ensuring high visibility of police in vulnerable areas, introduction to women patrolling and making of Himmat app which is more user-friendly are the other initiatives taken by Delhi Police, the police chief said. He also added through these initiatives, there is a decrease in crime against women.
As Gandhi Ji said, “The day a woman can walk freely on the roads at night, that day we can say India has achieved independence”. So, India is not independent till now and the sick mentality of society for girls and women will not let India an independent country.