The Coffee Act 1942 was enacted during the wake of the 2nd World War with the objective to make arrangements to safeguard the Coffee Industry from severe effects of the War. The Act empowered the Coffee Board to control the marketing of entire coffee produced in India and formulate its sale in the domestic as well as international market. Planters were needed to pool coffee with the Board, which had complete control over its price and marketing. The Board was even responsible for making payments to the owners that are registered from out of the Pool Fund after the expenses were subtracted.
The objective of the proposed bill
- The objective of the Coffee bill states that the proposed Bill that is taken into consideration to be a simplified version of the Coffee Act that was enacted in 1942,
- It is more conducive in nature with the objective of enhancing the coffee sector,
- It will safeguard the interests of stakeholders, such as plantation workers.
- promoting the export of Coffee,
- promoting the sale and consumption of Coffee, including through e-commerce platforms,
- promoting the quality of Coffee which is grown and consumed in India, and exported from India with a view to enhancing consumer satisfaction and benefits to the Coffee industry;
- promoting and furthering the interests of growers, curers, exporters, and other stakeholders in the Coffee industry,
- assisting in the transfer of technology relevant to Coffee to growers, curers, and other entities carrying on business in the Coffee industry,
- promoting the sustainable cultivation of Coffee,
- Increasing production of Coffee by bringing more suitable areas across India
- Increasing productivity of Coffee to ensure remunerative income to growers,
- providing support and encouragement to growers, including transfer of technology,
- encouraging fair and remunerative prices for growers,
- safeguarding the interests of Coffee plantation workers,
- enhancing the capacity of Coffee communities,
- developing a sustainable Coffee sector in economic, social, and environmental terms; and
- increasing awareness among the general public about the Coffee industry in India.
Promoting economic, scientific, and technical research into the coffee industry, which may include:
- collecting, analyzing, and disseminating economic, scientific, technical data, information, statistics, and studies relating to the Coffee industry in India,
- producing research on diseases and pests affecting Coffee plants in India,
- studying the best available technologies for pest control, and minimizing the use of environmentally hazardous chemicals for such purposes,
- promoting an understanding of plant ecology, physiology, and pathology among growers; and
- aligning the practices in the Coffee industry in India with global best practices.
Coffee export at a glance
To promote coffee production and the export of Indian coffee, the Coffee Board of India was established which is administered by the Ministry of Commerce.
The objective of the Board: The primary objective of the Coffee Board of India is to enhance the production, productivity, and quality of Indian coffee products and to bring about exports of Indian coffee to various destinations globally
Public comments needed
“Therefore, it was decided in the meeting to completely relook at the provisions of the Act and to remove the provisions which are restrictive and regulatory in nature to bring out a simple act that suits the present needs of the coffee sector and facilitates its growth,” a statement by the Ministry stated.
A copy of the draft Bill has been placed on the Department of Commerce Website to seek comments from the public or stakeholders till 21st January 2022. Public/Stakeholder’s feedback/comments are asked to send by email to [email protected]