The Armenians could not respect the ceasefire and protest against Nikol Pashinyan. They gathered near the parliament in the capital Yerevan, and also pillaged some government buildings. They were shouting “Nikol Pashinyan, leave” and also demanded the PM’s resignation.
The Provincial conflict
The conflict arose on 27th September 2020 between Azerbaijan who was supported by Turkey, and Armenia along with the Republic of Artsakh. The clash began as Azerbaijan wanted to retrieve districts in Southern Nagorno- Karabakh which are known to be less mountainous and so will be easier to take than the region’s well-fortified interior. The war was marked by the deployment of heavy artillery, drones, sensors, and the use of social media accounts in online information warfare. Mainly the conflict relies on official statements from belligerents. and has expanded beyond the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh for which kind of munitions had deployed.
The humanitarian ceasefire
A ceasefire signed in 1994 provided for two decades of relative stability but it constantly deteriorated and became the deadliest ceasefire violation until the 2020 conflict. Numerous countries called on both of them to resolve tensions and resume meaningful negotiations without delay. Finally on 9th November 2020, following the capture of Shusha, the second-largest settlement in Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia and Azerbaijan signed the ceasefire treaty brokered by Russia. Somehow this was the only option for Armenia to effectively admit defeat and it allowed Azerbaijan to claim almost complete victory. Even under the ceasefire, both parties agreed to exchange prisoners of war and the bodies of the fallen.
Effects of the ceasefire
The city dived into chaos because of the ceasefire. Everyone was incensed and a huge sense of betrayal was in the atmosphere. Many forced their way into parliament’s inner chamber shouting “Resign! And “Out”! They were blocked by the police, and there were a number of arrests. Among the seventeen political parties who joined in the protest was Gagik Tsarukyan, leader of the opposition Prosperous Armenia Party, who was arrested.
Although Azerbaijan has hailed the ceasefire agreement as a victory, some Azeris were infuriated as Azeri forces stopped fighting. Even before fleeing to Armenia, many ethnic Armenian villagers set their houses on fire. Power lines were also being cut.
The Policy Times suggestions
- Without desperately been scared about what could happen next, Prime Minister Nikol must take major necessary steps to maintain peace.
- Though Nikol said that the agreement was the “best possible solution to the current situation” but the Armenians will not be able to easily admit it. So it is for the Armenians too, that rather than setting the houses on fire, they cool mindedly must think that this is a great sense of loss.
- The crimes against the civilian population must be foreseen and the reignition must be put off.