According to the recent All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20, India’s Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) increased to 27.1% in 2019-20 from 26.3% the previous year. The GER for higher education reflects the proportion of the population attending college or university out of the entire eligible population, persons aged 18 to 23 years.
In 2019-20, women have a GER of 27.3%, while males have a GER of 26.9%. This suggests that more qualified women than males attend college and university in India. Female students account for nearly 49 percent of total enrolment in 2019-20. One of the primary goals of the new National Education Policy is to increase the GER (NEP). Through several changes contained in the NEP, the Modi government hopes to achieve a 50% GER by 2035.
Enrollment in higher education totaled 3.85 crores in 2019-20, up from 3.74 crores in 2018-19, an 11.36 lakh increase (3.04 percent). This figure was 3.42 crore in 2014-15. The GER for the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe categories was 23.4 percent and 18 percent, respectively, in 2019-20, up from 23 percent and 17.2 percent in 2018-19. Higher education enrollment totaled 3.85 crores in 2019-20, up from 3.74 crores in 2018-19, an 11.36 lakh increase (3.04 percent). In 2014-15, this value was 3.42 crore.
In 2019-20, the GER for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe was 23.4 percent and 18 percent, respectively, up from 23 percent and 17.2 percent in 2018-19. GPI growth has remained constant throughout the last five years. While the GPI was 0.92 percent in 2015-16, it has steadily increased to 1.01 percent in 2019-20.
Pokhriyal stated during the report’s release that there has been an 11.4 percent increase in student enrolment between 2015-16 and 2019-20. “During the period, female enrollment in higher education increased by 18.2 percent,” he stated.
According to the AISHE study, 32.7 percent of undergraduate students were enrolled in arts/humanities/social sciences courses in 2019-20, followed by 16 percent in science, 14.9% in commerce, and 12.6% in engineering and technology.
According to the data, there are currently 49,348 foreign nationals registered in various Indian higher education institutions in India. “The international students come from 168 different nations all over the world. The surrounding countries have the highest share of international students, with Nepal accounting for 28.1 percent of the total, followed by Afghanistan (9.1 percent), Bangladesh (4.6 percent), and Bhutan (3.8 percent),” according to the AISHE survey.
“The top ten nations in terms of the student population are Sudan (3.6 percent), the United States (3.3 percent), Nigeria (3.1 percent), Yemen (2.9 percent), Malaysia (2.7 percent), and the United Arab Emirates (2.7 percent),” it added.
(News input: The Print)