Uttar Pradesh is the rainbow land where the multi-hued Indian Culture has blossomed from times immemorial. Blessed with a variety of geographical land and many cultural diversities. Agriculture is called the backbone of the economy of Uttar Pradesh. The state for 2019-20 at current prices is estimated to be US$220.05 billion (INR.1,579,807 crore), which is 7% higher than the revised estimate for 2018-19. The current growth rate of the Agriculture and allied sector is 2.9%.
The state is garlanded by the Ganga and Yamuna. The two pious rivers of Indian mythology, Uttar Pradesh is surrounded by Bihar in the East, Madhya Pradesh in the South, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana in the west and Uttaranchal in the north and Nepal touch the northern borders of Uttar Pradesh, it assumes strategic importance for Indian defense. Its area of 2,43,286 sq. km. area wise it is the fourth largest State of India.
Uttar Pradesh at a Glance
Uttar Pradesh has hidden potential at its full capacity to become a US$1 trillion economy, which will help India achieve a GDP size of US$5 trillion. The GDP rate of the state achieved in the last two years is higher than the national average. Uttar Pradesh is endowed with natural wealth in abundance. This wealth lies hidden below a variety of rocks of different ages found in lofty mountain ranges of the Himalayas in the North and Vindhyan ranges in the South.
Agriculture Sector in Uttar Pradesh:
The economics of Uttar Pradesh is based mainly on Agriculture and round 65% of the total population is dependent on Agriculture. The contribution of the agriculture sector is significant in the economic development of the state. According to the survey of 2015-16, approximately 165.98 thousand hectares (68.7%) land is used for cultivation. According to the Agriculture survey, there were 233.25 lac farmers in the state. It is the result of hard work and efforts of the farmers that the state has become self-sufficient in the field of food safety and progressing towards more than the requirement.
Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of food grains in India and accounted for about 17.83% share in the country’s total food grain output in 2016-17. Foodgrain production in the state in 2016-17 stood in the state include rice, wheat, maize, millet (bajra), gram, pea, and lentils.
Pulses production in the 49,903.1 thousand tonnes and 51,252.7 thousand tonnes in 2017-18. Major food grains produced state stood at 2,208.0 thousand tonnes in 2017-18 and production of vegetables stood 28.23 thousand tonnes in 2017-18, the state remains the largest producer of vegetables in India. In 2017-18, exports of major agriculture commodities from Uttar Pradesh stood at US$ 2.83 billion and Merchandise exports from Uttar Pradesh reached US$ 13.80 billion in 2017-18 and US$ 13.80 billion in April 2018-February 2019. Uttar Pradesh accounts for strong demand for fertilizers on account of the high availability of acreage coupled with the large size of the state.
Technological change and the adoption of improved production techniques are important steps in the development process of every agrarian economy. Agricultural technologies and knowledge have, until recently, largely been created and disseminated by public institutions. But over the past two decades, biotechnology for agricultural production has developed rapidly, and the world economy has become more globalized and liberalized. This has boosted private investment in agricultural research and technology, exposing agriculture in developing countries to international markets and the influence of multinational corporations. Sharing information through digital platforms and local agriculture knowledge HUBs have proved an effective way of transferring knowledge on climate adaptation practices and agricultural-related expertise to rural communities in the state of UP.
Uttar Pradesh – Minerals at a Glance
The Scientists of the Directorate of Geology & Mining, U.P. with their sustained efforts, helped in the exploration of new Mineral resources in the State. The minerals like Rock Phosphate, Pyrophyllite-Diaspore, Silica Sand, Cement Grade Lime Stone, Marble, Dolomite, etc. were explored. This helped in the establishment and expansion of Mineral-based Industries in Uttar Pradesh. A gold mineral found in Sonbhadra district and the estimated reserve measured around 793.15 kg.
323.11 million tons of CEMENT GRADE LIMESTONE RESERVES have been proved in Sonbhadra district;
15 million tons of probable Reserves of Silica sand deposits have been identified in Allahabad and Chitrakoot districts;
6.0 million tons of Rock Phosphate Reserves have been proved in Lalitpur district;
0.50 Million tons of Pyrophyllite-Diaspore mineral have been proved in Lalitpur, Jhansi and Mahoba districts.
With a population of 243.74 million in 2019, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of the Indian union, accounting for 16.5% population of the country. About 82% of males and one-fourth of females in the age-group of 15-59 years form the labor force in Uttar Pradesh. Nearly 53.3% of the population in the age-group of 15-59 years constitute the workforce in Uttar Pradesh.
Young women and men looking for their first jobs are better prepared for a smooth transition from school to work when they are given adequate vocational education and training opportunities, including in-work apprenticeships and on-the-job experience. Working women and men periodically need opportunities to update their skills and learn new ones. Robust training policies and systems are needed in the characteristics and institutions of each state of India. Skills development enhances both people’s capacities to work and their opportunities at work, offering more scope for creativity and satisfaction at work.
Uttar Pradesh Tourism
Uttar Pradesh’s tourism potential remained untapped and need to strengthen infrastructure at tourist hotspots in Uttar Pradesh and interlink them by a techno-economic corridor for the benefit of tourists. The state has rich in nature, historical, religious and cultural tourism and needs to boost its capabilities to increase tourist footfall. Even the government, need to increase tourist attraction of places like Prayag (Allahabad), Ayodhya, Vindhyachal, Naimisharan, Chitrakoot, Vrindavan, and Mathura.
Agra: One of India’s most popular tourist destinations, Agra holds an important place in history as it is home to many architectural wonders from the Mughal era. People from all around the world may not have heard of Agra, but everyone knows the beautiful ivory white-marble mausoleum, Taj Mahal, as the icon of love. This wonder of the world is the perfect example of the intricacy and brilliance of Persian and Mughal architecture. Around 89.5 lakh domestic and 16.8 lakh, foreign tourists arrived in Agra and ranked 3rd and 1st respectively in last year.
Varanasi, called “Kashi” in the scriptures, is said to be the oldest living city in the world with a history that goes back to some three thousand years. Varanasi is believed to be the greatest “Tirth” or crossing place between the earth and heaven. It has always been a great cultural center, notably in the field of learning, especially of religion, philosophy, Yoga, Ayurveda, and Astrology. Nearby Varanasi, a famous Buddhist site is situated at Sarnath. It is one of the most revered Buddhist pilgrimage centers. After attaining the enlightenment Lord Buddha preached his first sermon. Near about 61 lakhs domestic and 3.5 lakhs foreign tourists arrived Varanasi – Sarnath and ranked 7th and 2nd respectively in the year 2018.
Ayodhya counted among the most sacred cities of ancient India, it is situated on the right bank of the river Saryu, once the capital of the Awadh region. Ayodhya holds a place of pride among the devotees of Lord Rama, who was descendant of the Surya Vansh which is believed to have been founded by Manu, the lawgiver of the Hindus. Now Ayodhya has become worldwide famous after the grand event of Deepotsav on the eve of Deepawali. It has a large potential to become an international Tourist Destination. Near about 2 crore pilgrims and tourists visited Ayodhya last year out of which 1.5 lakhs were foreign tourists. There are near about 742 monuments under the Archeological Survey of India in Uttar Pradesh and19 ticketing monuments & 1 million worship places in Uttar Pradesh. Around 160.61 million domestic tourists and 2.95 million foreign tourists visited last year in Uttar Pradesh.
Selecting Existing Tourism destinations like heritage sites, Religious or natural Tourist Location, etc. and developing it as Tourism HUB. OR Developing a New Strategically selected location to a Tourism HUB with state of art infrastructures and Amenities. Development of a Defined HUB’s will be shouldered with development of “Secured Township” along the HUB’s in selected regions across the state defined as “Clusters” which includes infrastructures such as Residential complexes, Official and Industrial Facilities ,Power and Water, Banking ,Educational Institutes, Transport facilities and infrastructures , Healthcare, Hospitality Sectors, Retail Market, and many more).
One District One Product
In a state as vast as Uttar Pradesh – a geographical expanse of 2,40,928 sq. km, a population of 204.2 million people – there cannot but be great diversity in all facets of life. There are diverse terrains, diverse crops and foods, diverse climates, and coming from all these, diverse community traditions and economic pursuits. Hence comes the great and beautiful diversity of crafts and industries in Uttar Pradesh, in which even small towns and small districts are known for interesting and unexpected products typical of that area.
The UP government’s One District, One Product scheme aims to encourage such indigenous and specialized products and crafts. There are products in UP that are found nowhere else – like the ancient and nutritious ‘Kala namak’ rice, the rare and intriguing wheat-stalk craft, world-famous chikankari and zari-zardozi work on clothes, and the intricate and stunning horn and bone work that uses the remains of dead animals rather than live ones, a nature-friendly replacement for ivory. Many of these products are GI-tagged, which means they are certified as being specific to that region in Uttar Pradesh. Many of these were also dying community traditions that are being revived through modernization and publicization. Other district-specific industries are more commonplace, but their products are still unique to those regions. Asafetida, Desi ghee, Fancy glassware, Bedsheets, Jaggery, Leather Goods – the districts that specialize in these crafts are in UP, and you might already own or use a UP product without knowing it. These are also small and medium industries that need modernization, machinery and productivity enhancement. As the diversity of its people, climates, faiths, and cultures, the diversity of products and crafts in UP is also breathtaking.
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The need for Infrastructure growth
The story of economic growth is half-documented without narrating the story of industry infrastructure nexus. Uttar Pradesh, being home to more than 24.4 crore people, needs to build a robust industry with a buoyant and resilient infrastructure. While UP has invested in its infrastructure over the years, the challenge is to mobilize adequate investment in the infrastructure sector which runs into several trillions of dollars. The overall allocation of funds for development has been drastically curtailed by both at the central and state level. We need the best practice of the Secured Governance funding model strategy to meet adequate financial support for National growth.
Secured Governance Strategy
Secured Governance offers a strategy for the government to get all the basic infrastructure development with a negligible investment by the Government. It is a concept of developing Techno-Economic Corridors connecting HUBs, Mini HUBs & Nano HUBs which will act as a growth center for individual sectors. The very concept of “Secured’’ here implies a secured convergence or knitting with various sectors defining a growth for an economy.
Mini HUBs near the Water bodies of Uttar Pradesh:
Around 2,000 HUBs can be developed adjacent to inland water bodies. Every 15 kilometer one mini HUB such as amusement park, Yoga center, Mini food court, Cinema halls, children’s water park, etc. In additional mini HUB includes Small scale economic activities like food processing industry, boat & fishnet repairing center, mini market, shopping malls, etc. Local government will get additional revenue through these various mini HUBs to meet the extra budget burden of river maintenance (includes deepening, cleaning, etc.) expenditure.
Nano HUBs in Rural areas of Uttar Pradesh:
Around 100,000 Nano HUBs link three market elements of vegetable & fruit production, processing, and marketing to boost the competitiveness of rural economies and communities. The rural elements of Uttar Pradesh villages make up the value chain of the rural economy with coordination, integration, and marketing being the core functions of the HUB such as repairing service of food processing practices to reduce post-harvest losses and marketing.
Every key sector is growth centers or HUBs of the state. The study on clusters clearly reflects the advantages of focusing on clusters with positive interrelationships amongst the stakeholders. Developing HUBs are not only a means to improve the competitiveness of the industry but also an instrument for the generation of sustainable employment, enhancing the local life standard, fostering innovation, enabling better infrastructure growth, effective and sustainable investment flow. Some of the key sectors estimated calculation given below:
Expected Investment, Value, Outputs & Employment through HUBs in Uttar Pradesh
Secured Governance-Blue Economy Concept:
Secured Governance offers a strategy to get all the basic infrastructure development with a negligible investment by the Government. It is a concept of developing various HUBs (Smart Cities) which will act as a growth center for individual sectors. Both inland water & marine water resources and activities such as shipping, fishing, tourism and leisure, oil & gas, renewable energy, aquatic plants, marine biotechnology, deep-sea mining, etc. will come under the blue economy concept. Island and inland water bodies are expected to gain more from the blue economy orientation in their development policies. The protagonists of this approach visualize a great potential for economic growth and huge job creation in the blue economy sectors.
Infrastructure Growth, huge investment toward a greater formalization of the economy are bound to lead to an acceleration in the per capita income of the people. Money cannot buy happiness—at least six other factors: GDP per capita; social support; life expectancy; freedom to make life choices; generosity; and irregularity levels. Finland scores well on all factors but particularly on generosity are critical for nations to have happy people. The World Happiness Report says countries that improve civic engagement by making their government more representative will be happier. Governments clearly hold the key to their people’s happiness. Tackling irregularity, avoiding civil strife and improving basic public services and amenities are crucial to success. But so too is enabling people to enjoy personal freedom and encouraging them to participate in civil society. Money helps, of course, but alone it cannot buy you happiness.
Value and Valuation Strategy of Secured Governance Concept
New HUBs, Mini HUBs & Nano HUBs projects require clear funding streams—a clear path to revenue (including public sector payments)—in order to seek private financing. The Secured Governance funding model considers the new infrastructure project’s overall delivery impact as well as its cash-flow impact. Government projects will lead to an increase in the value of the land surrounding that project. This gives the government an opportunity to capture some of the appreciation of that value and to obtain private financing based on that value increase.
For example, a government body that builds a new transit HUB, for instance, could create a special taxing district around that HUB. The transit station will likely draw more people into the area, giving nearby businesses access to more customers. The sharing of land value appreciation by the local government from businesses near the HUB can help to offset the cost of the construction project, and businesses will be willing to pay it due to the direct benefits of the new investment in their area.
The link between infrastructure and economic development is not a once and for all affairs. It is a continuous process; and progress in development has to be preceded, accompanied, and followed by progress in infrastructure. Lastly, to implement an ambitious roadmap for this project, standards of secured governance and concerted action would be required to take these targets of US$1 trillion economy and goals from inspirational statements to actual development. We need a system to integrate economic interdependence for judicious planning and development of new empowered, transparent and interdependent governance systems with a higher degree of social participation in the nation-building process. Secured Governance is a sustainable strategy which equips to create adequate and coordinated measures to ensure the provision of financial, human, technical, information and another capacity
Conceptually, it helps people in areas of HUBs, Mini HUBs, Nano HUBs & Smart City thus allowing greater access to employment and other productive opportunities. Increase output such as tourism, industry and other allied services or facilities in the region, which reflects an improvement in living standards.
Implementation of noble strategy in the state of Uttar Pradesh could ramp up private investment around INR. 71,000 crore on infrastructure growth. Thus investments significantly increase the land values and revenue output that leads to US$1 trillion economic growth in UP.