UP stands worst on poverty index while Goa best, among 7 poll-bound states next year

There is huge difference between rural and urban poverty in five of the seven states including Goa, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. There is also huge diversity in performance on the basis of 12 indicators which is used to calculate the first multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) by the NITI Aayog.

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UP stands worst on poverty index while Goa best, among 7 poll-bound states next year

Of the seven poll-bound states into Assembly elections next year, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of people who are multidimensionally poor with 37.79 percent of its total population, while Goa has the lowest proportion at 3.76 percent.

There is a huge difference between rural and urban poverty in five of the seven states including Goa, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. There is also huge diversity in performance on the basis of 12 indicators which is used to calculate the first multi-dimensional Poverty Index (MPI) by the NITI Aayog. The national MPI, as per the 2015-16 National Family Health Survey, is 25.01 percent.

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Out of UP’s 71 districts, 64 have MPI higher than the national average. In Gujarat, 9 of 26 districts fall in this category; in Manipur, 4 of 9; and in Uttarakhand, 1 (Almora) of 13. On the other hand, all the districts of Punjab (20), Himachal (12), and Goa (2) have lower MPI than the national average. The MPI is an indicator of deprivation across multiple dimensions which complements poverty statistics based on per capita consumption expenditure. It has three equally weighted dimensions i.e. health, education, and standard of living, based on 12 indicators such as nutrition, school attendance, years of schooling, drinking water, sanitation, housing, bank accounts, e.t.c.

While urban MPI in UP, the most populous state, is 18.07 percent, that in its rural areas is more than double, at 44.32 percent. The state fares the poorest on the cooking fuel indicator, with 68.9 percent population deprived of it, backed by housing at 67.5 percent, and sanitation at 63.7 percent. The lowest deprivation is on the bank account front, with just 4.9 percent not owning one, followed by the child and adolescent mortality at 5 percent, and drinking water at 5.4 percent.

Goa is the best-performing state among poll-bound states in MPI, with hardly any variation between rural rate (4.44 percent) and urban (3.34 percent) areas. Its worst performance is in the nutrition category, at 24.6 percent deprived, followed by sanitation at 21.4 percent and housing at 16.2 percent. Less than 1 percent of the state’s population is deprived in indicators such as school attendance (1%), child and adolescent mortality (0.6%), and electricity (0.2%).

Punjab is second-best performing ratio among the states set to go for elections next year. The highest deprivation is in the cooking fuel indicator at 36.4 percent, followed by nutrition at 22.1 percent and housing at 19.3 percent. The lowest deprivation is in electricity, at 0.4 percent.

Among the key metrics, 48.8% of Gujarat’s population faced deprivation in the cooking fuel indicator, followed by 41.4 percent in nutrition, 37.2 percent in sanitation, and 24.2 percent in housing. Overall poverty in rural areas (27.4%) is nearly four times urban (6.59%).

Himachal too has a huge divergence between rural poverty, 8.24 percent, and urban, 1.46 percent. Almost 67.9 percent of the population is deprived in the cooking fuel category, following by 29.3 percent in housing and 27.8 percent in sanitation. On electricity and school attendance, less than 1 percent of the population is deprived.

Manipur’s rural MPI is more than double (22.95) that of urban (9.9). The state has the highest deprivation on housing, at 81.5 percent, followed by drinking water at 60.9 percent, cooking fuel at 58.9 percent, and sanitation at 47.7 percent. While Uttarakhand has the highest deprivation on the cooking fuel indicator at 52.1 percent, backed by housing at 35.6 percent and sanitation at 34.1 percent.

Source: The Indian Express, The Economic Times

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UP stands worst on poverty index while Goa best, among 7 poll-bound states next year
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There is huge difference between rural and urban poverty in five of the seven states including Goa, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. There is also huge diversity in performance on the basis of 12 indicators which is used to calculate the first multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) by the NITI Aayog.
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THE POLICY TIMES
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