Jeff Merkley and Bill Hagerty brought a resolution to the Senate that made it clear that Arunachal Pradesh is part of India. The recent fight between India and China along the Line of Actual Control in the Eastern Sector led to this resolution. The resolution recognizes that the McMahon Line borders China and Arunachal Pradesh. It says that the PRC’s claims that Arunachal Pradesh is part of their territory are aggressive and an attempt to take over more land.
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The resolution from the Senators condemns the PRC’s use of military force to change the status quo along the Line of Actual Control, as well as the building of villages in disputed areas, the release of maps with Mandarin-language names for cities and features in Arunachal Pradesh, and the expansion of PRC territorial claims in Bhutan. In the resolution, the Indian government is praised for ensuring its communications infrastructure is safe and setting rules for screening investments to protect itself from Chinese aggression and security risks.
Through the Quad, the East Asia Summit, and other international forums, the resolution calls for the US and India to work together on defense, technology, economic, and people-to-people issues. Since the PRC government has a different view, the Senators think that America’s actions and relationships with other countries should be based on its values of freedom and rules. This resolution says that the US sees Arunachal Pradesh as a part of India, not China. It also says that the US will help the region more by working with foreign allies and donors who share its views.