To build a concrete education system in India that is accountable, credible, and provides quality education for all, The Policy Times organized a Virtual Seminar themed Disclose Per People Expenditure of Public and Private Organisations on Tuesday, January 24, 2022.
Despite India being one of the largest economies in the world, its public education fails to achieve quality and skilled based education for all. Given the state of education sector, anyone would probably believe that it is very low compared to developed countries or newly industrialized nations like China, Russia, or OECD nations. This is not true! India’s public spending on education is one of the highest in the world among developing nations. It is equivalent to developed nations.
According to the data reported by the Revenue Account, the Ministry of Education, West Bengal reportedly spent Rs. 431,883,336 in 2021. The average monthly expenditure on a child in government schools in Bengal is Rs. 6000, higher than in private schools. The per class expenditure in government schools is Rs.600 to 700 and for private schools it ranges from Rs. 25-600. Mr. Vijay Kumar Shah, founder of Darjeeling High School said, “90% of private schools in India have monthly fees less than Rs. 3000. Despite the high cost incurred by Bengal’s government, people believe that private education is better than public education”.
According to United Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+) report 2021, 20,000 schools were shut in the academic session 2021-22 and 409 of the schools were in Bengal. Samsul Aslam, Headmaster Muraliganj High School, highlighted the fact that many schools have shut down due to lack of students. A significant dip in the number of schools should ideally mean a rise in pupil-teacher ratio (PTR). However, the PTR in Bengal remains 1:32 for 2021-22. This ratio is poor for government schools at upper primary level. Moreover, a report presented to Lok Sabha on 2 August 2021 stated 23.14% schools in Bengal have adverse PTR as per RTE Act.
Recognising the problems in the state’s education system, the Policy Ties proposes the state government to take relevant steps to secure quality education for all. Government schools must justify their expenditure on public education. Quality assurance, the introduction of skill-based training, arrangement of co-curricular activities must be ensured in schools. “Government school teachers must be relieved of their secondary responsibilities and performance-based incentives must be introduced to make teachers more accountable”, suggested Gaur Hari Khanra, Editor Panthojon. Lastly, introduction of education vouchers has been suggested through the seminar participants with the motive of providing funds to children rather than schools. Children must be provided with education vouchers which they would spend on schools.
Policy Times Chamber of Commerce (PTCC) is a not-for-profit, non-Government industry-led body aiming to drive business-and-innovation development. Since 2019, PTCC is actively facilitating policy and business discussions. It provides a platform for local businesses to learn about changing business dynamics, understand government policy, and raise concerns about the industry. The Chamber aims to create and sustain an environment conducive to development by building synergy between stakeholders (industry, policymakers, academia, and international) through the network, advocacy, consultation & training.
The Policy Times (www.thepolicytimes.com) is India’s policy, business and development media; and a strategic and practical alliance of policy and business experts for policy and business connect leading to prosperity through news and article writings, practical networking, Events, Business intelligence, research and policy advocacy.